Italian general election, September 2022

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Publication Date 2022
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Summary:

Information Guide focusing on the snap legislative election held in Italy on 25 September 2022.

Further information:

On 21 July 2022, Italy's President Sergio Mattarella decided to dissolve the Parliament and call for an early election, following a crisis in government which led to the resignation of Prime Minister Mario Draghi. While Mr Draghi remained as caretaker prime minister, Italians were called to elect 400 members of the Chamber of Deputies and 200 members of the Senate on 25 September 2022.

Following the dissolution of Parliament, the electoral campaign started immediately. On 28 July, several right-wing parties agreed on the distribution of single-member districts between the allies and agreed on the candidate for the premiership, which was set to be proposed by the party that gains more votes. This coalition included the Lega, Fratelli d'Italia (FdI), Forza Italia, Unione di Centro, Coraggio Italia and Noi con l'Italia. A centre-left coalition led by the Partito Democratico was also formed, but faced a number of challengesFollowing the break with its former coalition partner,  Movimento 5 Stelle (M5S) decided to run on their own.

Related Links
Commentary and Analysis
International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES): Election Guide: Italy https://www.electionguide.org/countries/id/107/
The Economist, 28/07/2022: Italy’s next government may be more nationalist than Europe likes https://www.economist.com/europe/2022/07/28/italys-next-government-may-be-more-nationalist-than-europe-likes
Foreign Policy: Analysis, 10/08/2022: Italy’s Snap Election Could Hand Putin the Win He Needs https://foreignpolicy.com/2022/08/10/italy-election-russia-ukraine-nato-war-putin-salvini-meloni-berlusconi-populist-right/
Euro|topics, 16/08/2022: Meloni: campaign with controversial flame logo https://www.eurotopics.net/en/286727/
Foreign Policy: Analysis, 16/08/2022: How Giorgia Meloni Took Over the Italian Right https://foreignpolicy.com/2022/08/16/giorgia-meloni-brothers-of-italy-election/
London School of Economics (LSE): EUROPP Blog, 19/08/2022: Will Italian democracy survive the forthcoming general election? https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/europpblog/2022/08/19/will-italian-democracy-survive-the-forthcoming-general-election/
Political Studies Association (PSA): News, 19/08/2022: Will Italian democracy survive the forthcoming general election? https://www.psa.ac.uk/psa/news/will-italian-democracy-survive-forthcoming-general-election
The Local (Italy), 22/08/2022: What election promises have Italy’s political parties made so far? https://www.thelocal.it/20220822/what-election-promises-have-italys-political-parties-made-so-far/
European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR): The Loop Blog, 24/08/2022: The Italian elections and the threat to European integration https://theloop.ecpr.eu/the-italian-elections-and-the-threat-to-european-integration/
Politico: Opinion, 25/08/2022: Italy’s center left isn’t helping to defeat Meloni https://www.politico.eu/article/in-italy-beating-the-right-means-thinking-beyond-the-ballot-box/
Brookings Institution: Blog, 26/08/2022: What happens if right-wing Giorgia Meloni wins Italy’s elections? https://www.brookings.edu/blog/order-from-chaos/2022/08/26/what-happens-if-right-wing-giorgia-meloni-wins-italys-elections/
Verfassungsblog, 31/08/2022: A Parliament Shaped by the ‘Worst Election Law Ever'. Cause and Effect in the Upcoming Italian Elections https://verfassungsblog.de/a-parliament-shaped-by-the-worst-election-law-ever/
Robert Schuman Foundation: European Elections Monitor: Analysis, 31/08/2022: The right-wing parties, led by Giorgia Meloni, favourite for the 25 September parliamentary elections in Italy https://www.robert-schuman.eu/en/eem/1990-the-right-wing-parties-led-by-giorgia-meloni-favourite-for-the-25-september-parliamentary-elections-in-italy
The Local (Italy): Analysis, 02/09/2022: Will Italy’s hard right win the election with a ‘super majority’? https://www.thelocal.it/20220902/analysis-will-italys-hard-right-win-the-election-with-a-super-majority/
Politico, 02/09/2022: Will Italy’s first female prime minister be bad for women? https://www.politico.eu/article/italy-first-woman-prime-minister-giorgia-meloni-mario-draghi-brothers-abortion-feminist-levante-chiara-ferragni-elodie/
The Local (Italy): Explainer, 05/09/2022: Who’s who in Italy’s general election? https://www.thelocal.it/20220905/explained-whos-who-in-italys-general-election/
BBC News, 06/09/2022: Italy elections: Who's who and how the vote works https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-62726468
The Guardian: Explainer, 08/09/2022: Italy election: who’s running, who will win, and why does it matter? https://www.theguardian.com/world/2022/sep/08/italy-election-analysis-far-right-brothers-of-italy-coalition-eu
Bloomberg: Blog, 08/09/2022: Italy vote could leave ECB between devil and the deep blue sea https://www.bloomberg.com/professional/blog/italy-vote-could-leave-ecb-between-devil-and-the-deep-blue-sea/
Euronews, 09/09/2022: Italy: What would the election candidates do to tackle the climate crisis? https://www.euronews.com/green/2022/09/09/italy-what-would-the-election-candidates-do-to-tackle-the-climate-crisis
Reuters: Explainer, 13/09/2022: Rightist alliance set for Italian election victory https://www.reuters.com/world/europe/rightist-alliance-set-italian-election-victory-2022-09-13/
International Centre for Defence and Security (RKK-ICDS): Commentary, 14/09/2022: Friends in Rome: Italy’s Upcoming Elections May Open the Gates for Russian Influence https://icds.ee/en/friends-in-rome-italys-upcoming-elections-may-open-the-gates-for-russian-influence/
The Economist, 15/09/2022: Strife on the right. Italy’s probable next government contains many tensions https://www.economist.com/europe/2022/09/15/italys-probable-next-government-contains-many-tensions
The Guardian: Analysis, 15/09/2022: Why Italy is on verge of electing its first far-right leader since second world war https://www.theguardian.com/world/2022/sep/15/georgia-meloni-italy-on-verge-of-electing-first-far-right-leader-since-second-world-war
ING Think: Article, 16/09/2022: A market guide to Italian elections https://think.ing.com/articles/a-market-guide-to-italian-elections/
Friedrich Naumann Foundation: Analysis, 16/09/2022: Election in Italy: The clock is ticking inexorably https://www.freiheit.org/spain-italy-portugal-and-mediterranean-dialogue/election-italy-clock-ticking-inexorably
Reuters, 19/09/2022: Italy's right-wing bloc set for election win: five questions for markets https://www.reuters.com/markets/europe/italys-right-wing-bloc-set-election-win-five-questions-markets-2022-09-19/
The New Statesman: Podcast: World Review, 19/09/2022: Italian election: the rise of Giorgia Meloni https://www.newstatesman.com/podcasts/2022/09/italian-election-the-rise-of-giorgia-meloni
The Conversation, 20/09/2022: Italy election: why Giorgia Meloni’s far-right Brothers of Italy party is almost guaranteed to win https://theconversation.com/italy-election-why-giorgia-melonis-far-right-brothers-of-italy-party-is-almost-guaranteed-to-win-190857
Gallup: News, 20/09/2022: Election Will Test Italians' Cautious Optimism https://news.gallup.com/poll/401501/election-test-italians-cautious-optimism.aspx
German Marshall Fund of United States (GMFUS): Insights, 20/09/2022: Five Public Opinion Insights from Italy before the Elections https://www.gmfus.org/news/five-public-opinion-insights-italy-elections
Official Monetary and Financial Institutions Forum (OMFIF): Commentary, 20/09/2022: Meloni looks set to lead Italy after election no one wanted https://www.omfif.org/2022/09/meloni-looks-set-to-lead-italy-after-election-no-one-wanted/
Politico, 20/09/2022: The real threat to Italy’s election: Home-grown social media lies https://www.politico.eu/article/italy-giorgia-meloni-brothers-of-italy-mario-draghi-elections-media-voting-online-falsehoods/
Foreign Affairs, 21/09/2022: Italy’s Election Paradox. Why America and the EU Should Root for a Far-Right Populist https://www.foreignaffairs.com/europe/italys-election-paradox
Euro|topics, September 2022: Italian election: right-wing bloc set to win https://www.eurotopics.net/en/288650/

News
Politico: Italy's Parliamentary Election 2022 https://www.politico.eu/italy-parliamentary-election-2022/
The Local (Italy): Tag: Italian Elections https://www.thelocal.it/tag/italian-elections/
Deutsche Welle, 27/07/2022: Rising star of Italian far-right, Giorgia Meloni, eyes top job https://p.dw.com/p/4EgOO
Reuters, 02/08/2022: Italy's centre-left sees open electoral race after pact with centrists https://www.reuters.com/world/europe/italys-centrist-azione-join-forces-with-pd-election-source-2022-08-02/
The Irish Times, 02/08/2022: Italy’s centre-left join forces against possible right-wing election landslide https://www.irishtimes.com/politics/2022/08/02/italys-centre-left-join-forces-against-possible-right-wing-election-landslide/
Le Monde, 02/08/2022: Italy's center-left seals pact with centrists to fight September election https://www.lemonde.fr/en/international/article/2022/08/02/italy-s-center-left-seals-pact-with-centrists-to-fight-september-election_5992277_4.html
Politico, 03/08/2022: Italy confronts its fascist past as the right prepares for power https://www.politico.eu/article/italy-fascist-giorgia-meloni-mario-draghi-silvio-berlusconi-matteo-salvini-racist-mussolini-election/
The Guardian, 07/08/2022: Election boost for Italy’s far right as centre-left alliance collapses https://www.theguardian.com/world/2022/aug/07/italy-alliance-azione-democratic-party-election-campaign
Times of Malta, 08/08/2022: Italy's centre-left in disarray as election looms https://timesofmalta.com/articles/view/italys-centre-left-disarray-election-looms.973229
Reuters, 09/08/2022: Italy's right heads for ample majority at election, study shows https://www.reuters.com/world/europe/italys-right-heads-ample-majority-election-study-shows-2022-08-09/
Politico, 10/08/2022: Sun, sand and votes: Italy sweats over summer election campaign https://www.politico.eu/article/sun-sand-vote-italy-sweat-summer-election-campaign/
Associated Press (AP News), 10/08/2022: Italy’s far-right Meloni on vote: I’m no danger to democracy https://apnews.com/article/elections-italy-democracy-b0b3e3226d056681452874721482f357
Politico, 10/08/2022: I’m not a fascist — I like the Tories, says Italy’s far-right leader https://www.politico.eu/article/giorgia-meloni-im-not-a-fascist-i-like-the-tories-says-italys-far-right-leader/
Euronews, 16/08/2022: Italy election: Far-right leader Giorgia Meloni rides wave of support https://www.euronews.com/2022/08/16/italy-election-far-right-leader-georgia-meloni-rides-wave-of-support
EurActiv, 20/08/2022: Italy’s PD pledges ‘dowry’ for young people in election manifesto https://www.euractiv.com/section/elections/news/italys-pd-pledges-dowry-for-young-people-in-election-manifesto/
The Guardian, 22/08/2022: Far-right Italian PM hopeful Georgia Meloni tweets video of woman being raped https://www.theguardian.com/world/2022/aug/22/far-right-italian-pm-hopeful-georgia-meloni-tweets-video-of-woman-being-raped
Euronews, 22/08/2022: Giorgia Meloni: Far-right leader criticised for posting video of woman's rape https://www.euronews.com/2022/08/22/giorgia-meloni-far-right-leader-criticised-for-posting-video-of-womans-rape
Associated Press (AP News), 22/08/2022: Italy’s Meloni shocks opponents with alleged rape video https://apnews.com/article/migration-sexual-assault-italy-7890c421bbdcd7520336004d7835cf67
France24, 23/08/2022: Ready or not? Italy's Meloni launches vote campaign https://www.france24.com/en/live-news/20220823-ready-or-not-italy-s-meloni-launches-vote-campaign
Bloomberg, 23/08/2022: Italy’s Election Rivals Spar Over Energy in First Debate https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2022-08-23/italy-s-election-rivals-spar-over-energy-in-first-debate#xj4y7vzkg
Reuters: Analysis, 26/08/2022: Italy's giveaway election pledges risk market backlash https://www.reuters.com/world/europe/italys-giveaway-election-pledges-risk-market-backlash-2022-08-26/
Swissinfo.ch, 29/08/2022: Meloni, former far-right activist, heads for Italian PM's office https://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/meloni--former-far-right-activist--heads-for-italian-pm-s-office/47859826
EurActiv, 31/08/2022: EU centre-right takes risky bet ahead of Sweden, Italy votes https://www.euractiv.com/section/politics/short_news/eu-centre-right-takes-risky-bet-ahead-of-sweden-italy-votes/
Bloomberg, 01/09/2022: Draghi’s ITA Plan Becomes Political Fodder for Italian Election https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2022-09-01/draghi-s-ita-plan-becomes-political-fodder-for-italian-election
The Guardian, 02/09/2022: Silvio Berlusconi, 85, makes TikTok debut with appeal to young voters https://www.theguardian.com/world/2022/sep/02/silvio-berlusconi-85-makes-tiktok-debut-with-appeal-to-young-voters
EurActiv, 05/09/2022: Europe’s role in shaping Italy’s rightist alliance https://www.euractiv.com/section/politics/news/europes-role-in-shaping-italys-rightist-alliance/
Reuters, 09/09/2022: Italy's right heads for clear election victory, final polls indicate https://www.reuters.com/world/europe/italys-right-heads-clear-election-victory-final-polls-indicate-2022-09-09/
Bloomberg, 09/09/2022: Italy’s Right Set for Crushing Win in Last Polls Before Vote https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2022-09-09/italy-s-right-set-for-landslide-win-in-latest-polls-before-vote
The Guardian, 09/09/2022: Cracks show over Russia as Italy’s far-right alliance heads for election win https://www.theguardian.com/world/2022/sep/09/cracks-show-in-meloni-salvini-alliance-over-russia-sanctions-italy
RFI News, 11/09/2022: Italy's far-right eyes easy victory under firebrand Meloni https://www.rfi.fr/en/international-news/20220911-italy-s-far-right-eyes-easy-victory-under-firebrand-meloni
Times of Malta, 11/09/2022: Italy's voiceless millions: the voters who cannot vote https://timesofmalta.com/articles/view/italys-voiceless-millions-voters-cannot-vote.980153
Reuters, 12/09/2022: Ageing 'giant' Berlusconi seeks lead role at Italy's election https://www.reuters.com/world/europe/ageing-giant-berlusconi-seeks-lead-role-italys-election-2022-09-12/
Politico, 13/09/2022: Welcome to the capital of Italy’s far right https://www.politico.eu/article/giorgia-meloni-brothers-of-italy-abruzzo-mario-draghi-election-rome-berlusconi-salvini-far-right-aquila/
Associated Press (AP News), 13/09/2022: Democrat Letta: Fear plays role in Italy’s Brexit-like vote https://apnews.com/article/elections-migration-italy-fcb7b958e64e5d945632278723febcbf
Euronews, 13/09/2022: Italy hosts prime ministerial debate before elections https://www.euronews.com/2022/09/13/italy-hosts-prime-ministerial-debate-before-elections
France24, 14/09/2022: ‘We’ve tried them all, except Meloni’: Far-right leader tipped to become Italy’s first female PM https://www.france24.com/en/europe/20220914-we-ve-tried-them-all-except-meloni-far-right-leader-tipped-to-become-italy-s-first-female-pm
Politico, 15/09/2022: Russian interference dossier wreaks havoc in Italian election https://www.politico.eu/article/russian-interference-dossier-wreaks-havoc-in-italian-election/
BBC News, 15/09/2022: Italy elections: 'It'll break my heart if energy costs shut my historic shop' https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-62891018
EurActiv, 16/09/2022: French far-right sees EU-wide ‘opportunities’ after Italian elections https://www.euractiv.com/section/politics/news/french-far-right-sees-eu-wide-opportunities-after-italian-elections/
The Guardian, 18/09/2022: Far-right favourite to be Italy’s next PM softens on EU as election looms https://www.theguardian.com/world/2022/sep/18/far-right-contender-giorgia-meloni-italian-pm-eu-election
Deutsche Welle, 19/09/2022: "This vote is a sort of Brexit vote," says former Italian PM Enrico Letta https://p.dw.com/p/4H4mo
Politico, 19/09/2022: Meloni cries foul as protesters disrupt rallies ahead of Italian election https://www.politico.eu/article/meloni-cries-foul-as-protesters-disrupt-rallies-ahead-of-italian-election/
BBC News, 20/09/2022: Italy elections: Far-right Meloni scents power in a divided country https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-62948951
The Guardian, 20/09/2022: Brothers of Italy suspends candidate after online post praising Hitler found https://www.theguardian.com/world/2022/sep/20/brothers-of-italy-suspends-candidate-after-online-post-praising-hitler-found
Le Monde, 20/09/2022: Silvio Berlusconi and Matteo Salvini are losing momentum ahead of Italy elections https://www.lemonde.fr/en/international/article/2022/09/20/far-right-allies-are-losing-momentum-in-italy-elections_5997625_4.html
Associated Press (AP News), 20/09/2022: Energy crisis key to Italy’s election — but not conservation https://apnews.com/article/technology-elections-italy-543716be1eef0f43a57a2a89d345b3db

Official
OSCE: ODIHR: Italy: Early parliamentary elections, 25 September 2022 https://www.osce.org/odihr/elections/italy/524562

Wikipedia: 2022 Italian general election https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2022_Italian_general_election

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