|Author (Person)||Hristov, Atanas, Mc Morrow, Kieran, Roeger, Werner, Vandermeulen, Valerie|
|Author (Corporate)||European Commission: DG Economic and Financial Affairs|
|Publisher||Publications Office of the European Union|
|Series Title||European Economy: Discussion Papers|
|Series Details||Number 104|
|Publication Date||July 2019|
|Content Type||Research Paper|
This discussion paper looks at the link between output gap calculations and cyclical indicators.
Questions have recently been raised on the usefulness of output gaps (which define the cyclical position of a country) for policy-making purposes. Whilst these questions are important in raising awareness concerning the uncertainty which inevitably surrounds an unobservable variable such as the output gap, we believe that the discussions are sometimes neglectful of the empirical evidence with respect to the performance of specific business cycle indicators.
The current article therefore assesses the empirical performance of the most widely used business cycle indicators in output gap analysis, with a significant proportion of the recent criticism on the economic plausibility of output gaps drawing heavily on specific inflation indicators (such as headline or core inflation) or on indicators of external imbalances. The empirical evidence in this article shows that these inflation and external balance indicators do not perform well as indicators of the cycle and consequently should be used with caution by policy makers.
|Subject Categories||Economic and Financial Affairs|
|Countries / Regions||Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain|
|International Organisations||European Union [EU]|