Progress report on the implementation of the European Agenda on Migration

Author (Corporate)
Series Details COM (2019) 126
Publication Date 06/03/2019
Content Type ,


Communication presented on 6 March 2019 by the European Commission taking stock of progress made over the past 4 years and setting out the measures still required to address immediate and future migration challenges.

Further information:

Faced with the most severe refugee crisis the world has seen since the Second World War, the EU managed to bring about a step change in migration management and border protection. The EU has offered protection and support to millions, saved lives, dismantled smuggling networks and brought irregular arrivals to Europe down to the lowest level recorded in 5 years. Nevertheless, more work is needed to make the EU's migration policy truly future-proof in view of a constantly evolving geopolitical context and a steady rise in migratory pressure on a global scale.

For 3 consecutive years, arrivals figures have been steadily falling, and current levels are a mere 10% of what they were at their peak in 2015. In 2018, around 150,000 irregular crossings were detected across EU external borders. But the fact that the number of irregular arrivals has been reduced is no guarantee for the future, considering the likely continuation of migratory pressure. It is therefore essential to pursue a comprehensive approach to migration management and border protection.

The most pressing issues that require further work are:

  • Western Mediterranean route: support to Morocco
  • Central Mediterranean route: Improving the appalling conditions in Libya
  • Eastern Mediterranean route: Migration management in Greece
  • Temporary arrangements for disembarkation.
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Related Link(s)
European Commission: Press Release, 06/03/2019: The European Agenda on Migration: EU needs to sustain progress made over the past 4 years
European Commission: Fact Sheet, March 2019: Migration: Immediate measures needed

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