|Author (Corporate)||European Commission|
|Series Details||COM (2019) 142|
|Content Type||Policy-making, Report|
Report presented on 13 March 2019 by the European Commission on the sustainability criteria for biofuels and the environmental impact of expansion of the production area of relevant food and feed crops.
On 13 March 2019 the European Commission adopted a Delegated Regulation setting out the criteria for determining high indirect land-use change (ILUC)-risk feedstock for biofuels (biofuels for which a significant expansion of the production area into land with high-carbon stock is observed) and the criteria for certifying low ILUC-risk biofuels, bioliquids and biomass fuels.
Directive (EU) 2018/2001 (the Renewable Energy Directive), which entered into force on 24 December 2018, introduces a new approach to address emissions from indirect land-use change (ILUC) associated with the production of biofuels, bioliquids and biomass fuels.
In this context, the Directive sets national limits at Member States' 2019 levels for the period 2021-2023, which after the 31 December 2023 will gradually decrease to zero by 2030, for high ILUC-risk biofuels, bioliquids and biomass fuels produced from food or feed crops for which a significant expansion of the production area into land with high carbon stock is observed.
These limits will affect the amount of these fuels that can be counted when calculating the overall national share of renewables and the share of renewables in transport. Therefore, Member States will still be able to import and use fuels affected by the limits, but they will be able to consider them as renewable energy and count them for their renewable targets only up to the limits set in the Directive. The Directive introduces an exemption from these limits for biofuels, bioliquids and biomass fuels certified as low ILUC-risk.
|Subject Tags||Renewable Energy|
|International Organisations||European Union [EU]|