|Author (Corporate)||United Kingdom: House of Commons: Library|
|Series Title||Briefing Paper|
|Series Details||No.8432 (31.10.18)|
|Content Type||Journal | Series | Blog|
The European Intervention Initiative (EI2) was a French-led initiative set out by President Macron in September 2017 as part of his vision for a 'sovereign, united and democratic Europe'. In order to achieve that ambition he put forward proposals for a common European intervention force and a common doctrine for action, independent of the European Union. Nine European countries signed a Letter of Intent launching the initiative on 25 June 2018.
EI2 was European in focus but entirely independent of the European Union and NATO and their respective decision-making structures.
By remaining autonomous from the EU, EI2 allowed the full participation of Denmark which had an opt-out from the EU’s Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). It also provided an avenue for post-Brexit participation by the UK in European security issues, although there were continuing concerns about Anglo-French defence cooperation post-Brexit
|Subject Categories||Security and Defence|
|Countries / Regions||Europe, France|