Trilateral talks with Russia and Ukraine over a post-2019 long-term gas transit agreement

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Publication Date 2018-2019
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Reports and analysis of the negotiations launched by the European Union with Russia and Ukraine to guarantee a long-term agreement over the transit of gas post-2019.

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The talks were launched by the European Commission in 2018 to make sure a long-lasting deal would guarantee continuous gas supply from Russia into Europe after the end of existing contract in 2019. The first round of negotiations was held in July 2018 and a second round in January 2019. The third round took place in September 2019. Following a fourther round of talks on 28 October, there was still no agreement in sight. On 20 December, both sides announced an agreement had been reached on a protocol specifying the arrangements for the long-term transit of Russian gas via Ukraine to Europe as of 1 January 2020, which was formally signed on 31 December.

Key areas of the discussions included the following:

  • The legal framework for a future transit contract;
  • Unbundling of the transmissions system operator in Ukraine;
  • The European Union's future gas demands.

The security of gas supply for the Winter 2018-19 was also discussed at the meetings. The rounds of negotiations were also attended by executives from Russia's Gazprom and Ukraine's Naftogaz.

Related Links
Commentary and Analysis
OSW: Commentary, 25/01/2019: A ‘last-minute’ transit contract? Russia-Ukraine-EU gas talks
IFRI: IFRI Editorials, April 2019: Russia-Ukraine Gas Relations: The Mother of All Crises or a New Start to 2030?
RFE/RL, 28/10/2019: Fresh EU-Russia-Ukraine Gas Talks To Take Place In Brussels
EurActiv: Special Reports: Ukraine gas transit: What’s at stake
Euro|topics, December 2019: Russia and Ukraine sign new gas contract
OSW: Commentary, 31/12/2019: Temporary stabilisation: Russia-Ukraine gas transit deal

Reuters, 23/05/2018: EU's energy chief says 'time has come' for new Russia, Ukraine gas talks
TASS, 23/05/2018: EC vice-president invites Russia and Ukraine for trilateral gas talks
Deutsche Welle, 17/07/2018: EU 'positive' on Russia-Ukraine gas talks
Sputnik International, 25/12/2018: Russia Guarantees Gas Deliveries to EU in Absence of Transit Agreement With Kiev
Irish Times, 21/01/2019: EU urges Moscow-Kiev transit deal as Russian plans fuel tension
Reuters, 21/01/2019: Russia, Ukraine to hold further gas talks in May
TASS, 21/01/2019: Energy chief comments on Russia-Ukraine gas settlement
EurActiv, 22/01/2019: Russia plays for time in EU-mediated Ukraine gas transit talks
Reuters, 11/09/2019: EU says will push for progress in next week's Ukraine-Russia gas talks
Bloomberg, 18/09/2019: Russia and Ukraine Signal Progress on Natural Gas Transit Deal
Reuters, 19/09/2019: Ukraine, Russia fail to reach gas deal for Europe but agree to meet again
RFE/RL, 19/09/2019: Fresh Russia-Ukraine Talks On New Gas Transit Deal Inconclusive
RFE/RL, 03/10/2019: Putin: Russia Ready To Prolong Gas Deal With Ukraine If Needed
Reuters, 09/10/2019: Ukraine wants long-term gas transit deal with Russia, 09/10/2019: Merkel, Zelenskiy spoke about gas transit from Russia via Ukraine - spokesman
Reuters, 28/10/2019: Russia, Ukraine gas talks need sense of urgency - EU's Sefcovic
EurActiv, 29/10/2019: EU-mediated Russia-Ukraine gas talks in deadlock
The Moscow Times, 29/10/2019: Latest Russia-Ukraine Gas Talks Fail to Bring Breakthrough
Reuters, 10/12/2019: Ukraine's Zelenskiy sees middle ground with Russia on gas transit, rules out 1-year deal
RT, 10/12/2019: Russia offers Ukraine cheaper gas under new transit deal, Kiev promises to drop $3bn demand
RFE/RL, 14/12/2019: Ukraine, Russia To Continue Gas-Transit Talks
Reuters, 20/12/2019: Russia, Ukraine reach deal over gas transit to Europe
RFE/RL, 21/12/2019: Russia, Ukraine Disclose Details Of New Gas Transit Deal
Bloomberg, 21/12/2019: Gazprom, Ukraine Agree on Gas Transit, Settle Legal Disputes
EurActiv, 25/12/2019: Ukraine sets new tariffs for Russian gas transit to Europe
RFE/RL, 30/12/2019: Russia, Ukraine Reach Five-Year Gas-Transit Deal
Deutsche Welle, 31/12/2019: Russia, Ukraine sign gas transit deal ahead of deadline
VOA News, 31/12/2019: Russia, Ukraine Finalize Gas Transit Deal Just Before Deadline
The Moscow Times, 31/12/2019: Russia, Ukraine Clinch Final Deal on Gas Transit to Europe

European Commission: Statement by Vice-President for Energy Union Maroš Šefčovič following the trilateral talks with Russia and Ukraine on the future of gas transit via Ukraine, 21 January 2019
European Commission: Statement by Vice-President for Energy Union Maroš Šefčovič following the trilateral talks with Russia and Ukraine on the future of gas transit to Europe, 19 September 2019
European Commission: Remarks by Vice-President Maroš Šefčovič following trilateral talks on gas transit with Russia and Ukraine, 28 October 2019
European Commission: Statement of Vice-President Maroš Šefčovič on the positive outcome of trilateral gas talks, 20 December 2019
European Commission: Statement by Vice-President Maroš Šefčovič on the long-term transit of Russian gas to Europe via Ukraine, 31 December 2019

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