Turkish military claims to have taken control of the country / Coup attempt falters in Turkey

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Series Details 15-16.07.16
Publication Date 15/07/2016
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A section of the armed forces in Turkey attempted to overthrow the government of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan in a military coup on the 15 July 2016. However, it failed and by the morning of the 16 July 2016 it was reported that some 2,839 soldiers, including high-ranking officers had been arrested, while others had surrendered.

Turkey's Prime Minister Binali Yildirim said that 161 people had been killed and 1,440 wounded. Explosions and gunfire had been heard in Ankara, Istanbul and elsewhere in Turkey.

President Recep Tayyip Erdogan blamed a 'parallel structure', for the coup attempt, which usually meant a reference to supporters of the reclusive US-based cleric Fethullah Gulen.

World leaders condemned the attempted coup. In a Joint statement by High Representative/Vice-President, Federica Mogherini, and EU Commisioner for European Neighborhood Policy and Enlargement negotiations, Johannes Hahn the EU said 'We condemn the attempted coup in Turkey and reiterate our full support to the democratic institutions of the country'.

In a statement NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg called 'for calm and restraint, and full respect for Turkey's democratic institutions and its constitution. Turkey is a valued NATO Ally'.

17 July 2016 Update: Reports suggested that the attempted coup had left 265 dead and approximately 1,440 injured. In addition to the military officials listed above, two Constitutional Court judges, ten members of Turkey's top judicial council and almost 2,750 judges had been fired for their alleged links to the coup leaders.

18 July 2016 update: While world leaders criticised the coup and gave their support for the government of President Erdogan there were also calls for him to show restraint in reaction to signs that he was exploiting the situation to further his assumption of greater presidential power and a move to authoritarianism and Islamisation in the country. Leaders of Western countries were said to be concerned over three issues:

+ the future reliability of the Turkish military
+ the rule of law in Turkey
+ Turkey’s ideological drift away from the West.

Mr Erdogan talked of the need for a discussion within the country to bring back the death penalty for crimes of treason. Turkey had abolished the death penalty in 2004 as part of preparing for EU-Turkey accession negotiations. In Conclusions adopted at the Foreign Affairs Council in Brussels on the 18 July 2016 EU Foreign Ministers highlighted that abolition of the death penalty was a condition of future EU membership for Turkey.

Source Link http://www.politico.eu/article/turkish-military-in-attempted-coup-says-pm/
Related Links
BBC News, 16.07.16: Turkish President Erdogan appears in Istanbul to denounce army coup attempt http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-36809083
ESO: Background information: Turkey in the Last Two Decades: From Democratization to Authoritarianism http://www.europeansources.info/record/turkey-in-the-last-two-decades-from-democratization-to-authoritarianism/
Hürriyet Daily News, 15-16.07.16: Erdoğan calls on citizens to streets, airports to resist against coup attempt / 194 killed in quashed Gülenist coup attempt: Military http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/erdogan-calls-on-citizens-to-streets-airports-to-resist-against-coup-attempt.aspx?pageID=238&nID=101669&NewsCatID=341
BBC News, 16.07.16: Turkey: Mass arrests after coup bid quashed, says PM http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-36813924
Hürriyet Daily News, 16.07.16: Opposition parties reject the military coup attempt http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/opposition-parties-reject-the-military-coup-attempt.aspx?PageID=238&NID=101670&NewsCatID=341
EU: EEAS / European Commission: Statement, 16.07.16: Joint statement by High Representative/Vice-President, Federica Mogherini, and EU Commisioner for European Neighborhood Policy and Enlargement negotiations, Johannes Hahn on the situation in Turkey http://www.eeas.europa.eu/statements-eeas/2016/160716_02_en.htm
NATO: Newsroom: News, 16.07.16: NATO Secretary General statement on events in Turkey http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/news_134194.htm
EurActiv, 16.07.16: Tusk calls for return to order in Turkey, after attempted military coup http://www.euractiv.com/section/global-europe/news/eus-tusk-calls-for-return-to-order-in-turkey-after-attempted-military-coup/
EUObserver, 16.07.16: EU and US urge restraint as dozens killed in Turkey coup attempt https://euobserver.com/foreign/134382
Deutsche Welle: Tag: Turkey coup http://www.dw.com/search/en/turkey+coup/category/9097/
Hürriyet Daily News, 17.07.16: 6,000 detained from Turkish army, judiciary in probe into failed coup attempt http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/6000-detained-from-turkish-army-judiciary-in-probe-into-failed-coup-attempt.aspx?pageID=238&nID=101669&NewsCatID=341
Politico, 17.07.16: Erdoğan’s ‘Reichstag fire’ http://www.politico.eu/article/erdogans-reichstag-fire-turkey-coup-attempt/
openDemocracy, 16.07.16: Coup d'état attempt: Turkey’s Reichstag fire? https://www.opendemocracy.net/ay-e-kad-o-lu/coup-d-tat-attempt-turkey-s-reichstag-fire
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Politico, 17.07.16: 5 things to know about man Turkey blames for coup http://www.politico.eu/article/5-things-about-the-man-turkey-says-is-behind-the-coup-fetullah-gulen-islamic-cleric/
Carnegie Europe: Strategic Europe, 18.07.16: Three Western Worries About Turkey http://carnegieeurope.eu/strategiceurope/?fa=64106
Council of the European Union: Press Release, PRES/16/463 (18.07.16): Council conclusions on Turkey http://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2016/07/18-fac-turkey-conclusions/
Hürriyet Daily News, 18.07.16: Nation going through trauma: Turkish PM http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/nation-going-through-trauma-turkish-pm-.aspx?pageID=238&nID=101769&NewsCatID=338
Hürriyet Daily News, 18.07.16: [Opinion]: Who did it? Why now? And other questions about the coup attempt in Turkey http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/who-did-it-why-now-and-other-questions-about-the-coup-attempt-in-turkey.aspx?PageID=238&NID=101731&NewsCatID=409
Euro|Topics: Debates, July 2016: Does democracy still have a chance in Turkey? http://www.eurotopics.net/en/162735/does-democracy-still-have-a-chance-in-turkey
Spiegel Online International, 18.07.16: Public Enemy No. 1: A Visit with Fethullah Gülen, Erdogan's Chief Adversary http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/a-visit-with-fethullah-guelen-a-1103529.html
Sputnik International: Tag: Military Coup Attempt in Turkey http://sputniknews.com/trend/turkey_military_coup_attempt_2016/
The Economist, 18.07.16: Conspiracy theories in Turkey All latest updates After the coup, Turkey turns against America http://www.economist.com/news/europe/21702337-turkish-media-and-even-government-officials-accuse-america-being-plot-after
EUObserver, 18.07.16: Turkey warned executions would end its EU bid https://euobserver.com/foreign/134396
The Conversation, 18.07.16: Why did Turks react so strongly against anti-Erdoğan coup? https://theconversation.com/why-did-turks-react-so-strongly-against-anti-erdogan-coup-62643
Blog: LSE EuroppBlog, 18.07.16: Turkey’s failed coup has firmly tightened Erdoğan’s grip on power http://bit.ly/29HXdWt
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European Parliament: Press Release, 19.07.16: Joint statement - committee chair Elmar Brok and rapporteur Kati Piri on Turkey http://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/news-room/20160719IPR37518/

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