28th Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP28)

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Publication Date 2023
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Information Guide covering the 28th Conference of Parties to the United Nations (UN) Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) - also known as COP 28 - and notably the European perspective on it. This Conference was held in Dubai between and 30 November and 12 December 2023.

Further information:

The Conference of the Parties (COP) is the supreme body of the UNFCCC Convention. It consists of the representatives of the Parties to the Convention. It holds its sessions every year. The COP takes decisions which are necessary to ensure the effective implementation of the provisions of the Convention and regularly reviews the implementation of these provisions.

The Council of the European Union adopted the European Union's (EU) position for the climate summit on 16 October 2023. In the negotiations unfolding at the Conference, the European Union's (EU) priorities included:

  • Phasing out fossil fuels and increasing renewable energy capacity and energy efficiency;
  • A more concerted focus on emissions reductions throughout the decade;
  • Preparing for adaptation to climate change;
  • Ensuring climate finance to address loss and damaged from all who can pay.
Related Links
Commentary and Analysis
The Conversation: Topics: COP28 https://theconversation.com/uk/topics/cop28-132366
Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations (IDDRI): Publications & Events: COP28 https://www.iddri.org/en/publications-and-events/cop28
Climate Action Network (CAN Europe): COP28 https://caneurope.org/cop28/
Chatham House: Explainers, 15/09/2023: What is COP28 and why is it important? https://www.chathamhouse.org/2023/09/what-cop28-and-why-it-important
European Council on Foreign Affairs (ECFR): Commentary, 12/10/2023: A touch of pragmatism: How Europeans can engage with the Gulf monarchies ahead of COP28 https://ecfr.eu/article/a-touch-of-pragmatism-how-europeans-can-engage-with-the-gulf-monarchies-ahead-of-cop28/
Human Rights Watch (HRW): Dispatches, 10/11/2023: EU Foreign Ministers Should Urge UAE Rights Progress Ahead of COP28 https://www.hrw.org/news/2023/11/10/eu-foreign-ministers-should-urge-uae-rights-progress-ahead-cop28
European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS): At a Glance, 15/11/2023: COP28 climate change conference in Dubai https://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/document/EPRS_ATA(2023)754590
European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS): Briefing, 15/11/2023: The COP28 climate talks - What Think Tanks are thinking https://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/document/EPRS_BRI(2023)754596
Friends of the Earth (Europe): Press Release, 28/11/2023: COP 28: EU must push fossil fuel phase-out and equitable climate action https://friendsoftheearth.eu/press-release/cop-28-eu-must-push-fossil-fuel-phase-out-and-equitable-climate-action/
Bloomberg, 29/11/2023: What Is COP28 and Why Is It Important? https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2023-11-29/what-is-cop28-why-the-un-climate-summit-is-so-important
Greenpeace: EU Unit: Blog, 30/11/2023: COP28: the new EU climate chief faces his first major test https://www.greenpeace.org/eu-unit/issues/climate-energy/46854/cop28-the-eus-new-climate-chief-faces-his-first-major-test/
European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS): At a Glance, 13/12/2023: COP28 climate change conference: Outcomes https://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/document/EPRS_ATA(2023)757574

EurActiv: Topics: COP28 https://www.euractiv.com/topics/cop28/
Euronews: Tag: COP28 https://www.euronews.com/tag/cop28
Le Monde: COP28 https://www.lemonde.fr/en/cop28/
France24: Tag: COP28 https://www.france24.com/en/tag/cop28/
Reuters: COP28 https://www.reuters.com/sustainability/cop/
BBC News: COP28 https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/topics/ceq8evqvlq9t
The Guardian: COP28 https://www.theguardian.com/environment/cop28
Politico: COP28 https://www.politico.eu/cop28-dubai-2023-climate-summit-latest-news-updates/
Deutsche Welle: COP28: Everything you need to know https://www.dw.com/en/cop28-everything-you-need-to-know/t-67159804

Official Website of the 28th Conference of Parties (COP) to the UNFCCC https://www.cop28.com/en/
United Nations: COP28 https://www.un.org/en/climatechange/cop28
UNFCC: United Arab Emirates Climate Change Conference: November 2022 https://unfccc.int/cop28
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE): UNECE @ COP28 https://unece.org/cop28
European Commission: Priorities 2019-2024: EU at COP28 Climate Change Conference https://commission.europa.eu/strategy-and-policy/priorities-2019-2024/european-green-deal/climate-action-and-green-deal/eu-un-climate-change-conference/eu-cop28-climate-change-conference_en
General Secretariat of the Council (EU): Policies: What the EU wants to achieve at the climate summit COP28 https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/policies/climate-change/paris-agreement/cop28/
French Ministry of Foreign Affairs: COP28: a crucial conference for the fight against climate change https://www.diplomatie.gouv.fr/en/french-foreign-policy/climate-and-environment/the-fight-against-climate-change/cop28-a-crucial-conference-for-the-fight-against-climate-change/
German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development: COP28: World Climate Conference in Dubai https://www.bmz.de/en/issues/climate-change-and-development/cop
European Parliament: Press Release, 07/11/2023: COP28: MEPs want all countries to strengthen their climate commitments https://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/press-room/20231031IPR08712/
European Commission: Joint Statement by Commissioner for Climate Action and the COP28 President Designate (13 November 2023) https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/statement_23_5722
European Parliament: Legislative Observatory: Procedure File for Resolution on the UN Climate Change Conference 2023 in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (COP28) (2023/2636(RSP)) https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/ficheprocedure.do?reference=2023/2636(RSP)
European Commission: Opening and closing remarks by Commissioner Hoekstra during plenary debate on COP28 in the European Parliament (20 November 2023) https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/speech_23_5904
European Parliament: Press Release, 21/11/2023: COP28: MEPs want to end all subsidies for fossil fuel globally by 2025 https://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/press-room/20231117IPR12108/
European Commission: Press Release, 30/11/2023: EU calls for accelerated emissions reductions and clean energy transition at COP28 https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_23_6181
General Secretariat of the Council: COP28 world climate action summit, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, 1-2 December 2023 https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/meetings/international-summit/2023/12/01-02/
European Commission: Opening remarks by President von der Leyen at the high-level event on carbon markets at COP28 (1 December 2023) https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/statement_23_6222
European Council: Press Release, 01/12/2023: Allocution du président Charles Michel lors de la conférence des Nations unies sur le changement climatique (COP28) à Dubaï https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2023/12/01/address-by-president-charles-michel-at-the-un-climate-change-conference-cop28-in-dubai/
European Commission: Statement by President von der Leyen with President Michel at COP28 (1 December 2023) https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/statement_23_6224
European Commission: Introductory remarks by Executive Vice-President Maroš Šefčovič at the launch of EU-Catalyst projects at COP28 (1 December 2023) https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/statement_23_6225
European Commission: Remarks by President von der Leyen on the Just Energy Transition Partnership with Vietnam at COP28 (1 December 2023) https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/statement_23_6226
European Commission: Commission President advances global cooperation on carbon pricing in high-level event at COP28 (1 December 2023) https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_23_6092
European Commission: Statement by President von der Leyen at the COP28 Presidency Global Stocktake Roundtable on means of implementation (2 December 2023) https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/statement_23_6250
European Commission: Press Release, 02/12/2023: EU leads global initiative at COP28 to triple renewable energy capacity and double energy efficiency measures by 2030 https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_23_6053
European Commission: Speech by President von der Leyen at COP28 on tripling renewable energy and doubling energy efficiency by 2030 (2 December 2023) https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/speech_23_6258
European Investment Bank (EIB): Press Release, 03/12/2023: COP28: Multilateral Development Banks boost joint action on climate and development https://www.eib.org/en/press/all/2023-490-cop28-multilateral-development-banks-boost-joint-action-on-climate-and-development
European Commission: Speech by Commissioner Simson for the opening event of the EU Energy Days: 'Powering the Clean Energy Transition' at COP28 (4 December 2023) https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/speech_23_6321
European Commission: Press Release, 13/12/2023: EU negotiators secure agreement at COP28 to accelerate the global transition away from fossil fuels and triple renewables and double energy efficiency this decade https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_23_6591
European Commission: Opening remarks by Commissioner Hoekstra at the final Plenary of COP28 (13 December 2023) https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/speech_23_6588
European Commission: Statement of President von der Leyen on the outcome of COP28 (13 December 2023) https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/statement_23_6582

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