Aftermath of the European Parliament elections 2024

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Publication Date 2024
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Compilation of information resources focusing on the aftermath of the tenth elections for the European Parliament, held in June 2024. It seeks to provide an overview of the consequences of a new parliamentary configuration, including in the discussions on the appointments for the so-called European Union's (EU) top jobs.

Further information:

The elections produced a shift to the right in the European Parliament, with many centre-right and far-right parties improving on the previous parliamentary term. The immediate aftermath of the polls are characterised by negotiations between the EP's political groups and political parties that either may change their group membership or were elected for the first time. The polls led to an increase of non-aligned and newcomers in the chamber, which may or may not integrate political groups. Media outlets focused on the discussions held within the far-right to capitalise on the electoral gains achieved in the elections. This section of the political spectrum eventually became divided into three separate groups - the ECR group led by Italy's FdI and Poland's PiS, the PfE group led by France's RN and Hungary's Fidesz, and the ESN group led by German's AfD.

Parallel discussions are held among national leaders within the European Council to distribute the leading jobs in the main EU institutions, taking into account the new balance of power within the European Parliament. Media outlets reported on a early, apparent consensus that comprised a second term for Ursula von der Leyen (EPP) as President of the European Commission, former Portuguese Prime Minister António Costa (S&D) for the presidency of the European Council and a figure from the centrist Renew Europe as the EU's new High-Representative for Foreign and Security Policy, such as Estonia's Prime Minister Kaja Kallas.

These names continued to be highlighted in different media spheres despite the lack of agreement following an informal meeting of heads of state and government on 17 June. Analysts pointed to the exclusion of the far-right ECR group - led by Italy's Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni - from the proposed package. Even so, media outlets confirmed on 25 June that an agreement amongst leaders had been found on the names for the EU top jobs for the upcoming term.

The decision was formally announced following a meeting of the European Council on 27 June. António Costa was elected for a mandate of 2.5 years starting in December 2024, whereas Ursula von der Leyen and Kaja Kallas were put forward as the candidates, respectively, for the presidency of the European Commission and as the EU's top diplomat. The latter names would still require endorsement by the plenary of the European Parliament. The European Council also adopted the EU's Strategic Agenda for the period 2024-2029, which provides the political orientations for the forthcoming parliamentary term.

The first plenary session of the configuration of the European Parliament began on 16 July. Roberta Metsola was re-elected as President of the European Parliament, as well as the parliament's Vice-Presidencies. Upon presenting her Political Guidelines for the forthcoming College of Commissioners to the plenary session , Ursula von der Leyen was re-elected as President of the European Commission on 18 July.

Related Links
Commentary and Analysis
European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS): At a Glance, 25/04/2024: Timeline to new EU institutional leadership
The Guardian: Commentary, 10/06/2024: EU elections: earthquake in France and a rightward policy lurch? Our panel responds
The Guardian: Analysis, 10/06/2024: European elections: Paris and Berlin - not Brussels – will feel heat of far right’s gains
Council on Foreign Relations (CFR): In Brief, 10/06/2024: How Will the EU Elections Results Change Europe?
The Conversation, 10/06/2024: EU parliament election sees shaken centre hold – but far right now has chances to show its strength
Sky News: Opinion, 10/06/2024: Could this be Europe's 'Trump moment'? Why EU vote matters for UK
The Conversation, 10/06/2024: 2024 European elections: Who are young Europeans voting for?
Centre for European Reform (CER): Insight, 11/06/2024: What will the EU election results mean for Europe?
Project Syndicate: Commentary, 11/06/2024: The Real Winners of the European Election
The Atlantic, 11/06/2024: Trump Is Not America’s Le Pen
Associated Press (AP News), 11/06/2024: Europe’s far right won ground in the EU elections. Can they unite to wield power?
Forbes Magazine, 13/06/2024: European Parliamentary Elections Won’t Change Strains In China Ties
German Marshall Fund of the United States (GMFUS): Insights, 13/06/2024: Polish PM Donald Tusk Emboldened by European Election Victory
Politico: Commentary, 13/06/2024: EU election: Not enough will change — and that’s the real problem
The Economist, 13/06/2024: European elections. Beyond France, the European elections will deliver more of the same
Politico, 13/06/2024: Can António Costa be EU Council president despite his legal woes?
UK in a Changing Europe: Analysis, 14/06/2024: The 2024 European Parliament elections
World Economic Forum (WEF): Centre for Regions, Trade and Geopolitics, 14/06/2024: EU elections 2024: Who won and lost – and what happens next?
European Council on Foreign Affairs (ECFR): Podcasts: Europe in 30 Minutes, 14/06/2024: Europe is shifting: EU election results could divide Europe
UK in a Changing Europe: Analysis, 14/06/2024: The European Parliament elections: the shrinking middle ground
EurActiv: Opinion, 14/06/2024: Far-right gains in Europe are worrying – but will have limited political impact
Deutsche Welle, 18/06/2024: Who will get the EU's top jobs?
EurActiv, 18/06/2024: Why EU leaders were forced to delay the bloc’s top job deal
Carnegie Endowment for Peace (Europe): Strategic Europe, 20/06/2024: Europe’s New Leadership Faces a Teamwork Test¢er=europe
WorldWide Fund for Nature (WWF): News, 24/06/2024: Nature and climate at a crossroads - EU leaders to decide on EU top jobs and the Strategic Agenda
EurActiv, 24/06/2024: Antonio Costa, the controversial Socialist pick for European Council president
EurActiv, 24/06/2024: Estonia’s Kaja Kallas, the Kremlin-critic in the run for EU chief diplomat post
Politico, 26/06/2024: The secret, unwritten rules of the EU’s top jobs carve-up
BBC News, 27/06/2024: EU leaders to agree on top jobs despite Meloni discontent
EurActiv, 27/06/2024: What Meloni wants: Bringing home results
Politico, 27/06/2024: Von der Leyen and Co. are in: What happens next
Atlantic Council: New Atlanticist Blog, 28/06/2024: What to expect from the European Union’s new leadership
3EG: Press Release, 28/06/2024: EU leaders signal stability on the EU’s green transition with new top jobs and agenda
World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), 28/06/2024: Von der Leyen appointed for second term as EU leaders recognise increasing damages due to climate change and biodiversity loss
New Statesman: Interview, 28/06/2024: Europe’s Iron Lady: Estonian prime minister Kaja Kallas
Center for European Policy Analysis (CEPA): Insight & Analysis, 01/07/2024: European Elections: Will the Results Strengthen Tech Regulation or Tech Competitiveness?
European Trade Union Institute (ETUI): News, 04/07/2024: EU 2024 elections: the ‘centre’ has held… but for how long?
Le Monde Diplomatique, 05/07/2024: A second term for Ursula von der Leyen
Euronews, 15/07/2024: What to expect from Parliament's first plenary session after the EU elections
The Irish Times: Editorial, 16/07/2024: The Irish Times view on Ursula von der Leyen’s election challenge: a cliffhanger in Strasbourg
The Guardian: Opinion, 17/07/2024: Ursula von der Leyen has lost Europe’s trust. She doesn’t deserve a second term
UK in a Changing Europe: Analysis, 17/07/2024: Top job on top jobs? Von der Leyen’s difficult week
The Guardian: Opinion, 17/07/2024: Putin, Xi and Trump would love to see Ursula von der Leyen go. That’s why the EU must keep her on
Wilson Center: Smart Takes, 18/07/2024: EU Parliament Backs Von der Leyen for Second Term

Euronews, 09/06/2024: EU elections results: EPP's von der Leyen extends olive branch to Socialists and Liberals
BBC News, 10/06/2024: A night of drama in Europe as EU parliament moves to right
Reuters, 10/06/2024: Far-right advances in EU election, France calls snap national vote
Science Business, 10/06/2024: EU election unlikely to rock the research boat
Radio Free Europe, 10/06/2024: Despite Shift To Far Right In EU Vote, Von Der Leyen Says Centrists Held Against 'Extremes'
Euronews, 11/06/2024: Which countries saw poorest voter turnout for European elections?
EurActiv, 12/06/2024: Elected lawmakers set to shape the EU’s agrifood policy
Politico, 12/06/2024: Greens woo von der Leyen: We’re your only choice
Politico, 12/06/2024: EU election results loom over Ukraine aid discussions
Politico, 12/06/2024: The great EU top jobs puzzle is nearly solved
EurActiv, 13/06/2024: Le Pen, ID close door on Germany’s AfD, again
EurActiv, 13/06/2024: The EU factions’ first post-election headaches
EurActiv, 13/06/2024: All eyes on France, Germany and Italy as EU top job talks expected to gain traction at G7
Politico, 13/06/2024: Europe’s hard right to VDL: We won, let’s unite
The Guardian: Europe Live, 17/06/2024: EU heads finish meeting with no agreement on top jobs, Charles Michel says
TVP World, 17/06/2024: Ursula von der Leyen on course for second term as president of European Commission
Reuters, 17/06/2024: EU summit ends without agreement on top jobs
EUObserver, 17/06/2024: Von der Leyen finale? EU leaders call for ‘quick’ decision on top jobs
Euronews, 17/06/2024: EU leaders meet in Brussels to divvy up top jobs. These are the frontrunners
EurActiv, 17/06/2024: EU leaders expected to agree to top job ‘package deal’ over dinner
Associated Press (AP News), 17/06/2024: EU leaders break off talks on top job nominees without result
ERR News, 17/06/2024: State secretary: Kallas not obligated to resign if designated EC candidate
Times of Malta, 18/06/2024: EU leaders see top jobs deal returning von der Leyen by end June
Le Monde, 19/06/2024: Ursula von der Leyen close to being re-elected EU Commission president
EurActiv, 20/06/2024: Meloni hesitant about Kallas’ nomination for EU diplomacy head
Politico, 25/06/2024: Von der Leyen, Costa, Kallas approved for EU top jobs by negotiators
The Guardian, 25/06/2024: EU centrists’ deal paves way for von der Leyen to return as commission president
Euronews, 25/06/2024: Negotiators seal EU top jobs deal for von der Leyen, Costa and Kallas
Reuters, 25/06/2024: Von der Leyen lined up for second term under EU top jobs deal, sources say
Bloomberg, 25/06/2024: Italy Set to Get Key EU Role in Leaders’ Top Jobs Deal
The Brussels Times, 25/06/2024: Six EU leaders agree to reappoint Ursula von der Leyen to the Commission
The Guardian, 27/06/2024: EU leaders back Ursula von der Leyen for second term as president
Euronews, 27/06/2024: EU leaders agree top jobs, Meloni and Orbán hold out
EurActiv, 27/06/2024: EU leaders expected to agree on Von der Leyen, top jobs despite lingering resistance
Politico, 27/06/2024: Von der Leyen, Costa and Kallas bag EU top jobs
Reuters, 27/06/2024: EU leaders nominate von der Leyen to head Commission for second term
EurActiv, 27/06/2024: EU leaders greenlight top job package with Von der Leyen, Costa, Kallas
Bloomberg, 27/06/2024: Last-Minute Macron-Scholz Move Enrages EU Leaders at Summit
BBC News, 27/06/2024: Von der Leyen nominated to stay on in top EU job
EUObserver, 27/06/2024: Leaders approve von der Leyen, Kallas, Costa for EU top jobs
Deutsche Welle, 27/06/2024: EU summit: Leaders back Von der Leyen for second term
The Guardian: Europe Live, 28/06/2024: Ursula von der Leyen, António Costa and Kaja Kallas endorsed as EU leaders – as it happened
Reuters, 28/06/2024: EU leaders pick von der Leyen for second term as Commission chief
Le Monde, 28/06/2024: EU leaders approve von der Leyen, Kallas and Costa for top jobs
The Irish Times, 28/06/2024: EU leaders take hours rather than days to re-elect Ursula von der Leyen as European Commission president
Radio Poland, 28/06/2024: EU leaders agree on top jobs
The Sofia Globe, 28/06/2024: EU leaders agree on top jobs – second term for VDL
The Copenhagen Post, 28/06/2024: EU has got new leadership – Mette Frederiksen is not part of it
EurActiv, 02/07/2024: Von der Leyen courts Greens in bid for EU Parliament majority
Agriland, 09/07/2024: Von der Leyen to appoint agri commissioner from EPP if elected
SeafoodSource, 09/07/2024: Europêche expresses high hopes for better European fisheries policies post-election
EurActiv, 10/07/2024: Greens make ‘important step’ with von der Leyen, want ‘solid’ pro-EU coalition
EUObserver, 11/07/2024: MEPs make demands, as von der Leyen faces secret re-election vote next Thursday
Euronews, 12/07/2024: Green vote could make or break von der Leyen’s bid for second term as Commission president
Politico, 14/07/2024: EU’s biggest losers hold Ursula von der Leyen’s fate in their hands
France24, 16/07/2024: New EU Parliament convenes for the first time with a bolstered far right
RTÉ Radio, 16/07/2024: Fianna Fáil MEPs to vote against Ursula von der Leyen’s re-election as EU Commission President
Le Monde, 16/07/2024: Malta's Metsola re-elected as EU Parliament president
RFI News, 16/07/2024: Roberta Metsola secures second term as EU parliament president
Bloomberg, 16/07/2024: Metsola to Remain EU Parliament Head as Von der Leyen Seeks Nod
Luxembourg Times, 16/07/2024: Metsola to remain EU Parliament head as Von der Leyen seeks nod
Reuters, 17/07/2024: European Commission chief von der Leyen faces precarious vote on new term
Deutsche Welle, 17/07/2024: Ursula von der Leyen faces crucial EU vote on her future
Radio Prague International, 17/07/2024: Most Czech MEPs to vote against re-election of von der Leyen
The Guardian, 18/07/2024: Ursula von der Leyen wins second term as European Commission president
Reuters, 18/07/2024: Green EU lawmakers to support von der Leyen for second term
Le Monde, 18/07/2024: Ursula von der Leyen elected for second term as European Commission president
Radio Free Europe (RFE), 18/07/2024: Romanian Member Escorted Out Of European Parliament For Heckling
EurActiv, 18/07/2024: Von der Leyen wins 401-strong parliamentary majority with tactical concessions, Greens support
France24, 18/07/2024: EU chief Ursula von der Leyen elected for second five-year term
Deutsche Welle, 18/07/024: EU Parliament confirms Ursula von der Leyen in top position
BBC News, 18/07/2024: Ursula von der Leyen secures five more years in top EU job

European Union: European Election 2024: Results
European Council: European Council conclusions, 27 June 2024
EUR-LEX: OJ (L): European Council Decision (EU) 2024/1861 of 28 June 2024 electing the President of the European Council
EUR-LEX: OJ (L): European Council Decision (EU) 2024/1862 of 28 June 2024 proposing to the European Parliament a candidate for President of the Commission
European Council, 28/06/2024: Remarks by President Charles Michel following the European Council meeting of 27 June 2024
Portuguese Government: News, 28/06/2024: The challenges faced by the European Union "require strong leaders"
European Parliament: Press Release, 16/07/2024: Roberta Metsola re-elected as President of the European Parliament
European Parliament: Press Release, 16/07/2024: “A strong Parliament in a strong Europe”- EP President Roberta Metsola
European Parliament: Press Release, 18/07/2024: Parliament re-elects Ursula von der Leyen as Commission President
EPP EP Group: Newsroom, 18/07/2024: Von der Leyen's election a victory for democracy and a united Europe
S&D EP Group: Newsroom, 18/07/2024: S&D Group to vote in favour of Von der Leyen as Commission President
Renew Europe EP Group: Newsroom, 18/07/2024: Von der Leyen II carries the Renew Europe hallmark
European Parliament: Press Release, 18/07/2024: Parliament confirms the list and size of its committees and delegations
European Parliament: Press Release, 19/07/2024: Members of Parliament’s committees and subcommittees

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