|Author (Corporate)||European Commission: DG Health and Food Safety, Kantar|
|Series Title||Special Eurobarometer|
|Series Details||Number 522|
|Publication Date||November 2022|
|Content Type||Report, Statistics|
Antibiotic use reached a record low in 2021: 23% of Europeans took antibiotics in oral form in the past year, the lowest since 2009. However, this varies from 42% in Malta to 15% in Sweden and Germany. Around 8% of antibiotics were taken without a prescription.
A very large proportion of Europeans have taken antibiotics without justification (i.e. for viral infections or symptoms only) or for illnesses like pneumonia or bronchitis, which need a test to confirm the exact cause, and only half of respondents know that antibiotics are ineffective against viruses. People are most likely to take antibiotics for a urinary tract infection (15%), a sore throat (13%), bronchitis (12%), a cold (11%), flu (10%), fever (10%) or COVID-19 (9%).
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) occurs when microbes change over time and stop responding to medicines designed to kill them. This makes infections harder to treat and increases the risk of diseases, severe illnesses, and death.
|Subject Tags||Medicines | Medical Devices, Public Health|
|International Organisations||European Union [EU]|