|Author (Corporate)||European Commission: DG Competition|
|Content Type||Key Source, Overview|
The European Commission opened in April 2015 a formal antitrust investigation over Google's conduct as regards the mobile operating system Android. A year later, the Commission informed the company of its preliminary view that it had abused its dominant position by imposing restrictions on Android device manufacturers and mobile network operators.
On 18 July 2018, the Commission announced its decision to fine Google €4.34 billion for breaching EU antitrust rules, largely confirming the conclusions of its preliminary view.
In particular, the Commission concluded that Google:
+ required manufacturers to pre-install the Google Search app and browser app (Chrome), as a condition for licensing Google's app store (the Play Store);
Market dominance is, as such, not illegal under EU antitrust rules. However, dominant companies have a special responsibility not to abuse their powerful market position by restricting competition, either in the market where they are dominant or in separate markets. The Commission found that Google engaged in three separate types of practices, which all had the aim of cementing Google's dominant position in general internet search.
|Subject Categories||Business and Industry, Internal Markets|
|Countries / Regions||Europe|