Changes to European Parliament composition following 2019 EP election

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Publication Date 2019
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Reports, analyses and information regarding the changes occurred in the European Parliament (EP) ollowing the outcome of the election held in May 2019, particularly regarding the political groups and political leadership in the newly-elected composition of the chamber.

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As a number of newcoming political parties considered their options in terms of which political group to join in the European Parliament, leadership positions were also discussed and new groups were formed or rebranded.

In the aftermath of the election, it was reported that some newly-elected members from Catalonia had not been allowed in the premises of the European Parliament. An EP spokesperson later noted that the lists of elected MEPs had not be sent by the Spanish authorities and therefore passes had not been set up, and the decision had been made not to provide temporary passes. Media sources connected the incident with the judicial trials and political issues surrounding the pro-independence movement in that region.

Manfred Weber was re-elected as leader of the European People's Party (EPP) group in the European Parliament on 5 June 2019.

The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) announced on 12 June it would change its name to 'Renew Europe'. This decision was seen as a way to accommodate the newcoming group of members of the European Parliament (MEPs) from France's La République En Marche (LREM). The bids to become the leader of this political group in the chamber were also subject to attention from media outlets, as the French candidate eventually withdrew her name from the race.

On 13 June 2019, the creation of a new far-right group - named 'Identity and Democracy' - was announced. This political group would feature 73 MEPs - thus becoming the fifth largest in the chamber - and was set to replace the 'European of Nations and Freedom - ENF' group. The ID group includes Italy's Lega (League), France's Rassemblement National (National Rally), Germany's Alternative for Germany (AfD), Austria's FPÖ (Freedom Party) and a number of other far-right political forces from across the European Union.

The centre-left S&D group elelected Iratxe García as its ader in the European Parliament on 18 June. On the following day, the liberal 'Renew Europe' elected Dacian Cioloș for an equivalent position. Media sources also reported on the struggle for the UK's Brexit Party and Italy's 5Star Movement to reform their EFDD group in the European Parliament following the election.

The constituent session of the new configuration of the European Parliament (the ninth term) was held on 2 July 2019. Italian MEP David-Maria Sassoli (S&D) was elected for the presidency of the European Parliament on 3 July, following two rounds of voting with 345 votes. At the session, MEPs expressed reservations regarding the process to fill the leading positions of the main institutions of the European Union.

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Politico, 29/05/2019: Catalan ex-leader Puigdemont denied access to European Parliament
EUObserver, 04/06/2019: Tajani urged to allow Catalan MEPs into parliament
Politico, 05/06/2019: Manfred Weber reelected EPP leader in European Parliament
Deutsche Welle, 05/06/2019: Manfred Weber reelected leader of conservative EPP in European Parliament
Euronews, 07/06/2019: Elected Spanish MEPs denied full access to EU Parliament
EurActiv, 07/06/2019: Five Star struggles to form or join an EU Parliament group
EUObserver, 12/06/2019: EU political groups start to hammer out coalition content
Euronews, 12/06/2019: EU Parliament: Liberal ALDE group rebrands as 'Renew Europe'
Reuters, 12/06/2019: Minorities still lack a strong voice in new European Parliament
Politico, 12/06/2019: Macron-Liberal alliance to be named Renew Europe
Politico, 13/06/2019: Nathalie Loiseau drops bid to lead centrist group in European Parliament
EurActiv, 13/06/2019: EU liberals change name to appease new French members
The Guardian, 13/06/2019: MEPs create biggest far-right group in European parliament
EUObserver, 13/06/2019: New 'ID' far-right EU parliament group falls short
France24, 13/06/2019: Far-right group in EU parliament doubles in strength
Reuters, 13/06/2019: France's Le Pen unveils new far-right European Parliament group
Reuters, 13/06/2019: Macron suffers setback in EU parliament as party pays price for gaffes
EurActiv, 14/06/2019: With Loiseau’s withdrawal, leadership questions arise for ‘Renew Europe’
Deutsche Welle, 14/06/2019: Far-right parties form new group in European Parliament
EurActiv, 14/06/2019: Far-right wants to be involved in next Parliament’s power-sharing
Politico, 15/06/2019: The MEPs in Brexit limbo
EUObserver, 17/06/2019: Spain's Garcia set to be next Socialist leader in parliament
Politico, 18/06/2019: Ex-Romanian PM set to lead liberals in European Parliament
Politico, 18/06/2019: Bullmann concedes race to lead Socialist group
Politico, 18/06/2019: Socialists choose Spain’s Iratxe García as group leader
Politico, 19/06/2019: Ex-Romanian prime minister to lead centrist Renew Europe group
Politico, 26/06/2019: Brexit Party misses first deadline to form political group in European Parliament
Politico, 29/06/2019: Macron’s group in EU Parliament demands pan-European candidate lists
Politico, 01/07/2019: EU court rejects Puigdemont’s request to claim MEP seat Tuesday
EurActiv, 02/07/2019: EU Parliament re-schedules election of its president
The Guardian, 02/07/2019: Brexit party MEPs turn backs on Ode to Joy at European parliament
BBC News, 02/07/2019: Brexit Party MEPs turn backs in EU Parliament
Reuters, 02/07/2019: European Parliament opens, short of three barred Catalans
BBC News, 02/07/2019: MEPs get back to work: Four things to look for
Politico, 03/07/2019: David Sassoli elected European Parliament president
BBC News, 03/07/2019: MEPs choose David Sassoli as new European Parliament president
Deutsche Welle, 03/07/2019: European Parliament elects Italy's David-Maria Sassoli as new president
RTÉ News, 07/07/2019: Inharmonious beginnings for fresh European Parliament
Politico, 10/07/2019: Mainstream parties block Euroskeptics from top Parliament posts

European Parliament: Parliament's new term
European Parliament: Press Release, 03/07/2019: David Sassoli elected President of the European Parliament
European Parliament: Press Release, 03/07/2019: The new European Parliament Vice-Presidents
European Parliament: Press Release, 03/07/2019: Parliament’s committee membership determined
European Parliament: Press Release, 10/07/2019: Parliament’s committees elect chairs and vice-chairs

ESO Records
Selection for European Union’s leading positions following 2019 European Parliament elections

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