Changes to European Parliament composition following 2019 EP election

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Author (Corporate)
Publication Date 2019
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Summary:

Reports, analyses and information regarding the changes occurred in the European Parliament (EP) ollowing the outcome of the election held in May 2019, particularly regarding the political groups and political leadership in the newly-elected composition of the chamber.

Further information:

As a number of newcoming political parties considered their options in terms of which political group to join in the European Parliament, leadership positions were also discussed and new groups were formed or rebranded.

In the aftermath of the election, it was reported that some newly-elected members from Catalonia had not been allowed in the premises of the European Parliament. An EP spokesperson later noted that the lists of elected MEPs had not be sent by the Spanish authorities and therefore passes had not been set up, and the decision had been made not to provide temporary passes. Media sources connected the incident with the judicial trials and political issues surrounding the pro-independence movement in that region.

Manfred Weber was re-elected as leader of the European People's Party (EPP) group in the European Parliament on 5 June 2019.

The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) announced on 12 June it would change its name to 'Renew Europe'. This decision was seen as a way to accommodate the newcoming group of members of the European Parliament (MEPs) from France's La République En Marche (LREM). The bids to become the leader of this political group in the chamber were also subject to attention from media outlets, as the French candidate eventually withdrew her name from the race.

On 13 June 2019, the creation of a new far-right group - named 'Identity and Democracy' - was announced. This political group would feature 73 MEPs - thus becoming the fifth largest in the chamber - and was set to replace the 'European of Nations and Freedom - ENF' group. The ID group includes Italy's Lega (League), France's Rassemblement National (National Rally), Germany's Alternative for Germany (AfD), Austria's FPÖ (Freedom Party) and a number of other far-right political forces from across the European Union.

The centre-left S&D group elelected Iratxe García as its ader in the European Parliament on 18 June. On the following day, the liberal 'Renew Europe' elected Dacian Cioloș for an equivalent position. Media sources also reported on the struggle for the UK's Brexit Party and Italy's 5Star Movement to reform their EFDD group in the European Parliament following the election.

The constituent session of the new configuration of the European Parliament (the ninth term) was held on 2 July 2019. Italian MEP David-Maria Sassoli (S&D) was elected for the presidency of the European Parliament on 3 July, following two rounds of voting with 345 votes. At the session, MEPs expressed reservations regarding the process to fill the leading positions of the main institutions of the European Union.

Related Link(s)
Commentary and Analysis
Euro|topics, June 2019: Far-right alliance: is this what Salvini wanted? https://www.eurotopics.net/en/221710/
Open Europe: Blog, 20/06/2019: The European Parliament’s composition after Brexit https://openeurope.org.uk/today/blog/the-european-parliaments-composition-after-brexit/
LSE: EUROPP Blog, 25/06/2019: How the European Parliament could improve its selection of committee chairs https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/europpblog/2019/06/25/how-the-european-parliament-could-improve-its-selection-of-committee-chairs/
EPRS: At a Glance, June 2019: Continuation of work in progress from last term http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/document.html?reference=EPRS_ATA(2019)637965
Politico, 02/07/2019: The European Parliament presidency conundrum https://www.politico.eu/article/european-parliament-presidency-conundrum-top-jobs-summit/
Politico, 08/07/2019: European Parliament goes green https://www.politico.eu/article/european-parliament-goes-green/
EurActiv, 09/07/2019: Power-sharing puzzle solved: Who will chair parliamentary committees? https://www.euractiv.com/section/eu-elections-2019/news/power-sharing-puzzle-solved-who-will-chair-parliamentary-committees/
Open Europe: Blog, 09/07/2019: Will populists be sidelined from influential positions in the new European Parliament? https://openeurope.org.uk/today/blog/will-populists-be-sidelined-from-influential-positions-in-the-new-european-parliament/

News
Politico, 29/05/2019: Catalan ex-leader Puigdemont denied access to European Parliament https://www.politico.eu/article/catalonia-carles-puigdemont-denied-access-to-european-parliament/
EUObserver, 04/06/2019: Tajani urged to allow Catalan MEPs into parliament https://euobserver.com/news/145077
Politico, 05/06/2019: Manfred Weber reelected EPP leader in European Parliament https://www.politico.eu/article/manfred-weber-reelected-epp-european-peoples-party-leader-in-european-parliament/
Deutsche Welle, 05/06/2019: Manfred Weber reelected leader of conservative EPP in European Parliament https://p.dw.com/p/3Jtqr
Euronews, 07/06/2019: Elected Spanish MEPs denied full access to EU Parliament https://www.euronews.com/2019/06/07/elected-spanish-meps-denied-full-access-to-eu-parliament
EurActiv, 07/06/2019: Five Star struggles to form or join an EU Parliament group https://www.euractiv.com/section/eu-elections-2019/news/five-star-struggles-to-form-or-join-an-eu-parliament-group/
EUObserver, 12/06/2019: EU political groups start to hammer out coalition content https://euobserver.com/eu-election/145138
Euronews, 12/06/2019: EU Parliament: Liberal ALDE group rebrands as 'Renew Europe' https://www.euronews.com/2019/06/12/eu-parliament-liberal-alde-group-rebrands-as-renew-europe
Reuters, 12/06/2019: Minorities still lack a strong voice in new European Parliament https://www.reuters.com/article/idUSKCN1TD28X
Politico, 12/06/2019: Macron-Liberal alliance to be named Renew Europe https://www.politico.eu/article/emmanuel-macron-liberal-alliance-to-be-named-renew-europe/
Politico, 13/06/2019: Nathalie Loiseau drops bid to lead centrist group in European Parliament https://www.politico.eu/article/nathalie-loiseau-centrist-group-european-parliament/
EurActiv, 13/06/2019: EU liberals change name to appease new French members https://www.euractiv.com/section/eu-elections-2019/news/eu-liberals-change-name-to-appease-new-french-members/
The Guardian, 13/06/2019: MEPs create biggest far-right group in European parliament https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jun/13/meps-create-biggest-far-right-group-in-european-parliament
EUObserver, 13/06/2019: New 'ID' far-right EU parliament group falls short https://euobserver.com/institutional/145151
France24, 13/06/2019: Far-right group in EU parliament doubles in strength https://www.france24.com/en/20190613-far-right-group-eu-parliament-doubles-strength
Reuters, 13/06/2019: France's Le Pen unveils new far-right European Parliament group https://uk.reuters.com/article/idUKKCN1TE1IO
Reuters, 13/06/2019: Macron suffers setback in EU parliament as party pays price for gaffes https://uk.reuters.com/article/idUKKCN1TE23O
EurActiv, 14/06/2019: With Loiseau’s withdrawal, leadership questions arise for ‘Renew Europe’ https://www.euractiv.com/section/eu-elections-2019/news/with-loiseaus-withdrawal-leadership-questions-arise-for-renew-europe/
Deutsche Welle, 14/06/2019: Far-right parties form new group in European Parliament https://p.dw.com/p/3KONC
EurActiv, 14/06/2019: Far-right wants to be involved in next Parliament’s power-sharing https://www.euractiv.com/section/politics/news/far-right-wants-to-be-involved-in-next-parliaments-power-sharing/
Politico, 15/06/2019: The MEPs in Brexit limbo https://www.politico.eu/article/the-meps-in-brexit-limbo/
EUObserver, 17/06/2019: Spain's Garcia set to be next Socialist leader in parliament https://euobserver.com/eu-election/145175
Politico, 18/06/2019: Ex-Romanian PM set to lead liberals in European Parliament https://www.politico.eu/article/ex-romanian-pm-set-to-lead-liberals-in-european-parliament/
Politico, 18/06/2019: Bullmann concedes race to lead Socialist group https://www.politico.eu/article/bullmann-concedes-socialist-group/
Politico, 18/06/2019: Socialists choose Spain’s Iratxe García as group leader https://www.politico.eu/article/socialists-choose-spain-spanish-mep-iratxe-garcia-as-group-leader/
Politico, 19/06/2019: Ex-Romanian prime minister to lead centrist Renew Europe group https://www.politico.eu/article/ex-romanian-prime-minister-renew-europe/
Politico, 26/06/2019: Brexit Party misses first deadline to form political group in European Parliament https://www.politico.eu/article/brexit-party-nigel-farage-fails-to-form-political-group-in-european-parliament/
Politico, 29/06/2019: Macron’s group in EU Parliament demands pan-European candidate lists https://www.politico.eu/article/macrons-group-in-eu-parliament-demands-pan-european-candidate-lists/
Politico, 01/07/2019: EU court rejects Puigdemont’s request to claim MEP seat Tuesday https://www.politico.eu/article/eu-court-reject-carles-puigdemont-request-to-claim-mep-seat-tuesday/
EurActiv, 02/07/2019: EU Parliament re-schedules election of its president https://www.euractiv.com/section/future-eu/news/eu-parliament-re-schedules-election-of-its-president/
The Guardian, 02/07/2019: Brexit party MEPs turn backs on Ode to Joy at European parliament https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2019/jul/02/brexit-party-meps-turn-their-backs-european-anthem-ode-to-joy
BBC News, 02/07/2019: Brexit Party MEPs turn backs in EU Parliament https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-48839829
Reuters, 02/07/2019: European Parliament opens, short of three barred Catalans https://uk.reuters.com/article/idUKKCN1TX1VE
BBC News, 02/07/2019: MEPs get back to work: Four things to look for https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-48784733
Politico, 03/07/2019: David Sassoli elected European Parliament president https://www.politico.eu/article/david-sassoli-elected-european-parliament-president/
BBC News, 03/07/2019: MEPs choose David Sassoli as new European Parliament president https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-48851840
Deutsche Welle, 03/07/2019: European Parliament elects Italy's David-Maria Sassoli as new president https://p.dw.com/p/3LUSy
RTÉ News, 07/07/2019: Inharmonious beginnings for fresh European Parliament https://www.rte.ie/news/analysis-and-comment/2019/0707/1060547-strasbourg-parliament/
Politico, 10/07/2019: Mainstream parties block Euroskeptics from top Parliament posts https://www.politico.eu/article/mainstream-parties-block-euroskeptics-from-top-parliament-posts/

Official
European Parliament: Parliament's new term http://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/press-room/elections-press-kit/1/parliament-s-new-term
European Parliament: Press Release, 03/07/2019: David Sassoli elected President of the European Parliament http://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/press-room/20190627IPR55410/
European Parliament: Press Release, 03/07/2019: The new European Parliament Vice-Presidents http://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/press-room/20190627IPR55411/
European Parliament: Press Release, 03/07/2019: Parliament’s committee membership determined http://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/press-room/20190627IPR55412/
European Parliament: Press Release, 10/07/2019: Parliament’s committees elect chairs and vice-chairs http://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/press-room/20190709IPR56669/

ESO Records
Selection for European Union’s leading positions following 2019 European Parliament elections https://www.europeansources.info/record/selection-for-european-unions-leading-positions-following-2019-european-parliament-elections/

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