Civil-military relations in postcommunist Europe: assessing the transition

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Series Details Vol.14, No.1, March 2005, p1-16
Publication Date March 2005
ISSN 0966-2839
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This article argues that the relative homogeneity of communist civil-military relations postcommunist Europe has been replaced by significant diversity. Those states that have joined NATO and the EU have consolidated democratic civilian control of their militaries, re-oriented their defence policies towards peacekeeping and intervention operations beyond their borders and are fashioning new military-society relationships. In contrast, in Russia, Ukraine and most of the other former Soviet republics the military has become part of the nexus of semi- or outright authoritarian presidential rule, while severe economic and social problems are resulting in a dramatic downgrading of the military's professional and operational competence and severely inhibiting the prospects for meaningful military reform. In the countries of the former Yugoslavia, civil-military reform is gathering pace, but continues to struggle with twin legacies of war and authoritarianism.

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