CJEU Case T-125/22 | RT France v Council

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Publication Date 2022
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Information Guide focusing on Case T-125/22 from the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU), which concerns the prohibition of content broadcasting in light of restrictive measures applied as a result of Russia's invasion of Ukraine.

Further information:

In February 2022, Russia launched a military operation in Ukraine. By decision and regulation on 1 March 2022, the Council of the European Union adopted sanctions intended to prohibit, until 31 July 2022, the broadcasting services of certain media outlets, including RT France, within or to the European Union (EU). According to the Council, Russia had engaged in a propaganda campaign justifying and supporting its aggression against Ukraine, using certain media outlets as conduits.

RT France brought an action for annulment before the CJEU's General Court against the acts of the Council. The broadcasting service relied on four pleas in law, alleging infringement of the rights of the defence, freedom of expression and information, the right to conduct a business, and the principle of non-discrimination on grounds of nationality. It also calls into question the Council’s competence to adopt the contested acts.

On 27 July 2022, the Grand Chamber of the General Court dismissed RT France's application for annulment of acts of the Council in its entirety. This was the first ruling given by the Grand Chamber under the expedited procedure.

Related Links
Commentary and Analysis
Verfassungsblog, 08/03/2022: The EU’s “Ban” of RT and Sputnik. A Lawful Measure Against Propaganda for War https://verfassungsblog.de/the-eus-ban-of-rt-and-sputnik/
London School of Economics (LSE): Media@LSE Blog, 10/06/2022: Understandable, but still wrong: How freedom of communication suffers in the zeal for sanctions https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/medialse/2022/06/10/understandable-but-still-wrong-how-freedom-of-communication-suffers-in-the-zeal-for-sanctions/

EurActiv, 02/03/2022: EU rolls out new sanctions banning RT and Sputnik https://www.euractiv.com/section/digital/news/eu-rolls-out-new-sanctions-banning-rt-and-sputnik/
Politico, 08/03/2022: RT France challenges EU ban before court https://www.politico.eu/article/rt-france-challenges-eu-ban-before-court/
Bloomberg, 08/03/2022: State-Backed RT Challenges Ban at EU Court https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2022-03-08/state-backed-rt-challenges-ban-at-european-union-court#xj4y7vzkg
Reuters, 08/03/2022: RT challenges EU ban at Europe's second top court https://www.reuters.com/business/media-telecom/rt-challenges-eu-ban-europes-second-top-court-2022-03-08/
Reuters, 30/03/2022: EU court rejects RT France's call for sanctions reprieve https://www.reuters.com/business/media-telecom/eu-court-rejects-rt-frances-call-sanctions-reprieve-2022-03-30/
RFE/RL, 27/07/2022: European Court Of Justice Upholds Ban On Russia's RT France https://www.rferl.org/a/rt-france-european-court-justice-ban/31961982.html
Deutsche Welle, 27/07/2022: EU court upholds ban on Russian broadcaster RT https://p.dw.com/p/4EjsE
France24, 27/07/2022: Russian anger after EU court upholds ban on RT https://www.france24.com/en/live-news/20220727-russian-anger-after-eu-court-upholds-ban-on-rt
EurActiv, 27/07/2022: EU court confirms ban on Russia Today https://www.euractiv.com/section/media/news/eu-court-confirms-ban-on-russia-today/
Euronews, 27/07/2022: European General Court upholds EU ban on Russia Today https://www.euronews.com/my-europe/2022/07/27/european-general-court-upholds-eu-ban-on-russia-today
Le Monde, 27/07/2022: European court upholds ban on Russian news network RT France https://www.lemonde.fr/en/international/article/2022/07/27/european-court-upholds-ban-on-russian-news-network-rt-france_5991623_4.html
Bloomberg, 27/07/2022: RT Loses Court Fight Over EU Ban Following Ukraine Invasion https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2022-07-27/rt-loses-court-fight-against-eu-crackdown-on-russia-propaganda#xj4y7vzkg
EUObserver, 28/07/2022: EU court upholds ban on Russia Today broadcaster https://euobserver.com/rule-of-law/155651
RFI News, 28/07/2022: Russia vows further media restrictions after EU court upholds ban on Russia Today France https://www.rfi.fr/en/international/20220728-russia-anger-after-eu-court-upholds-ban-on-russia-today-france

CJEU CURIA: Case T-125/22 | RT France v Council https://curia.europa.eu/juris/documents.jsf?num=T-125/22
CJEU: Press Release No 54/22, 30/03/2022: Ordonnance du président du Tribunal dans l’affaire T-125/22 R RT France/Conseil [in French] https://curia.europa.eu/jcms/upload/docs/application/pdf/2022-03/cp220054fr.pdf
CJEU: Press Release No 132/22, 27/07/2022: Judgment of the General Court in Case T-125/22 | RT France v Council https://curia.europa.eu/jcms/upload/docs/application/pdf/2022-07/cp220132en.pdf

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