Cooling buildings sustainably in Europe: exploring the links between climate change mitigation and adaptation, and their social impacts

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Series Details 20/2022, Number 20
Publication Date November 2022
ISBN 978-92-9480-511-9
ISSN 2467-3196
EC TH-AM-22-022-EN-Q
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Across Europe, rising temperatures, combined with an ageing population and urbanisation, mean that the population is becoming more vulnerable to heat and that demand for cooling in buildings is rising rapidly. Buildings, as long-lasting structures, can offer protection from heatwaves and high temperatures if appropriately designed, constructed, renovated and maintained. The summer of 2022, with its successive long heatwaves and high energy prices, may have raised the sense of urgency given to the alleviation of heat stress. But there is a gap in knowledge on the extent of overheating in buildings and data and information is scarce regarding the share of EU citizens unable to keep their homes comfortably cool during the summer.

This briefing examines key elements of sustainable cooling policy, and its potential impacts on vulnerable groups, by reducing health risks, inequalities and summer energy poverty.

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European Environment Agency (EU EEA): News, 10/11/2022: Europe's heatwaves: How to keep buildings cool sustainably?

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