Defining, writing and applying learning outcomes. A European handbook

Author (Corporate)
Series Title
Publication Date November 2017
ISBN 978-92-896-2481-7
ISSN 1010-125X
EC TI-06-17-148-EN-N
Content Type


This Cedefop handbook is addressed to individuals and institutions actively involved in defining and writing learning outcomes in education and training. Its ambition is to act as a reference point for cooperation in this area.

It offers concrete examples of the use of learning outcomes and provides an overview of existing guidance and research material supporting the definition and writing of learning outcomes. The handbook also aims to promote dialogue between education and training and labour market stakeholders by building on material from different parts of the education and training system, and bridging the gap between institutions and sectors.

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