|Author (Person)||Wolf, Anne|
|Series Title||Mediterranean Politics|
|Series Details||Vol.23, No.2, June 2018, p245-264|
|Publication Date||June 2018|
|Content Type||Journal | Series | Blog|
This article examines the historical evolution of Tunisia’s Constitutional Democratic Rally (RCD) from its beginnings in 1987, when President Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali took power, until his ousting in 2011 when the party was outlawed.
I argue that the RCD evolved from a political force with wide popular support during a short democratic era (1987–89) into a repressive interest group in the 1990s, when the regime cracked down on political dissidents and popular freedoms whilst rewarding party members with lucrative benefits.
In the 2000s the RCD adopted a quasi-mafiosi structure that profited the Ben Ali family, which increasingly monopolized economic and political power. Tunisia’s transformation into a near dynasty marginalized many RCD members and its wider networks, a central dynamic to understand Ben Ali’s ousting in 2011.
|Countries / Regions||Eastern Europe, Northern Africa|