|Author (Corporate)||Council of the European Union, European Parliament|
|Series Title||Official Journal of the European Communities|
|Series Details||L 140, Pages 10-22|
|Content Type||Legislation, Policy-making|
Directive 2002/32/EC - formally adopted by the co-legislators on 7 May 2002 - concerning undesirable substances in animal feed. This Directive sets maximum levels of undesirable substances and products in animal feed available on the European Union's market. It also limits the risks of contamination of animal feed by substances and products that are toxic or adversely affect production.
Feedingstuffs can contain undesirable substances or products which can endanger animal health or, if present in livestock products, human health. Although it is impossible to totally eliminate the presence of undesirable substances and products in all cases, it was considered important to minimise it in order to prevent undesirable and harmful effects.
Council Directive 74/63 laid down maximum permitted levels for undesirable substances and products in feedingstuffs. Since it had been frequently and substantially amended, in the interests of clarity and efficiency it was consolidated in Council Directive 1999/29/EC. However, the Directive provided that feed materials which do not comply with the maximum limits could still be used in compound feedingstuffs on condition that the maximum level laid down for the compound feedingstuffs was complied with. Furthermore Member States were authorised to derogate from the maximum limits in the case of fodder used without further processing on the farm that produced it, where this was necessary for particular local reasons and on the condition that neither animal or human health suffered harm thereby.
A dioxin crisis highlighted weaknesses in existing Community legislation for animal feedingstuffs. The Council adopted conclusions on June 1999 requesting the European Commission to examine profound modifications to the animal nutrition legislation. A recast of the Directive was eventually proposed by the Commission on 17 December 1999. It set more stringent maximum permitted levels for undesirable substances in raw materials used in animal feed. The new provisions also restricted the re-exportation of dangerous batches of feed. An agreement within the Conciliation Committee was reached on 20 March 2002. The Council and the European Parliament formally signed the revised Directive on 7 May 2002, which was published in the Official Journal on 30 May 2002.
|Subject Categories||Business and Industry, Internal Markets|
|Subject Tags||Agriculture, Chemicals|
|Keywords||Animal Health | Welfare
|International Organisations||European Union [EU]|