|Author (Corporate)||Council of the European Union, European Parliament|
|Series Title||Official Journal of the European Union|
Directive 2014/53/EU (also known as Radio Equipment Directive - RED) - adopted by the European Union on 16 April 2014 - relating to the harmonisation of the laws of the Member States on the availability on the market of radio equipment. It also repeals Directive 1999/5/EC.
Directive 1999/5/EC on radio equipment and telecommunications terminal equipment and the mutual recognition of their conformity (the R&TTE Directive), establishes a framework for the placing on the market, free movement and putting into service in the EU of radio equipment and telecommunications terminal equipment. The Directive entered into force in 1999 and was crucial to achieving an internal market in this area. It includes essential requirements for the protection of health and safety, of electromagnetic compatibility and for the avoidance of harmful interference. These requirements are translated into technical requirements within non-mandatory harmonised standards.
In October 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal aimed at addressing a number of previously detected issues concerning the Directive. The revised rules aim to keep pace with the growing number and variety of radio equipment devices and ensure that they do not interfere with each other and respect essential health and safety requirements. It also sets out additional means for market surveillance to track and monitor products which fail to comply with the essential requirements.
The Directive applies to all equipment which emits or receives radio waves for radiodetermination or communication purposes. This includes devices such as mobile phones, car door openers and modems. It does not cover radio equipment used for public security and defence activities. The Directive also gives the Commission the possibility of making the compatibility of battery chargers an essential requirement for mobile phones.
|Subject Categories||Business and Industry, Internal Markets|
|Keywords||Electrical | Electronic Equipment, Harmonisation | Standardisation
|International Organisations||European Union [EU]|