Directive (EU) 2018/2001 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources

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Publication Date 21/12/2018
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Directive formally adopted in December 2018 which promotes the growth of the share of renewable energy sources in final energy consumption by 2030.


The so-called RES Directive includes a binding renewable energy target for the European Union for 2030 of 32% with an upwards revision clause by 2023. The rules serve also to create an enabling environment to accelerate public and private investment in innovation and modernisation in all key sectors. It aims to provide guiding principles on financial support schemes for RES, renewable energy self-consumption, energy communities and district heating. It seeks to enhance mechanisms for cross-border cooperation, simplify administrative processes, strengthen the sustainability and greenhouse gas emissions-savings criteria for biofuels, and mainstream the use of RES in the transport sector and in the heating and cooling sector.

The proposal was put forward as a recast on 30 November 2016 by the European Commission as part of the Clean Energy Package. The goal to increase renewable energy share in energy usage across the European Union was established by the European Council in October 2014. The EU's Renewable Energy Directive (2009/28/EC) already set a binding target of 20% final energy consumption from renewable sources by 2020. A general approach was approved by the Council of the European Union on 18 December 2017, while the European Parliament's plenary session backed a negotiating position on 17 January 2018. Trilogue negotiations were launched in February and an informal agreement between the institutions was reached on 14 June. The Directive was adopted on 11 December 2018 and Member States must transpose the revised directive into national law by 30 June 2021.

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Commentary and Analysis
EPRS: Briefing, June 2017: Initial Appraisal of a European Commission Impact Assessment
EPRS: Briefing, January 2019: Promoting renewable energy sources in the EU after 2020

EUR-Lex: COM(2016)676: Proposal for a Directive on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources (recast)
EUR-Lex: SWD(2016)418: Impact assessment accompanying COM(2016)676
EUR-Lex: SWD(2016)419: Executive summary of the impact assessment accompanying COM(2016)676
EUR-Lex: SWD(2016)416: REFIT evaluation of Directive 2009/28/EC
EUR-Lex: SWD(2016)417: Executive summary of the REFIT evaluation of Directive 2009/28/EC
European Parliament: Legislative Observatory: Procedure File on promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources
EP: Legislative Train: Review of the Renewable Energy Directive 2009/28/EC to adapt it to the EU 2030 climate and energy targets
Council of the European Union: Press Release, 18/12/2017: Promoting renewable energy use – Council adopts its position
European Parliament: Press Release, 17/01/2018: MEPs set ambitious targets for cleaner, more efficient energy use
European Parliament: Press Release, 14/06/2018: Energy: new target of 32% from renewables by 2030 agreed by MEPs and ministers
Council of the European Union: Press Release, 27/06/2018: Renewable energy: Council confirms deal reached with the European Parliament

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