Energising eastern Europe: How the EU can enhance energy sovereignty through cooperation with Ukraine and Moldova

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Series Details ECFR/527, Number 527
Publication Date March 2024
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Since Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine, the European Union (EU) has made strengthening energy sovereignty – its own and that of its eastern neighbours – a strategic priority.

Along with Ukraine and Moldova, the EU has created an elaborate legal and institutional framework that provides a platform for energy cooperation. Through this framework and other measures, the EU and member states have helped significantly strengthen the energy sovereignty of Moldova and Ukraine, in particular helping them to diversify away from Russian fossil fuels and synchronising their electricity grids with that of the EU.

But when it comes to the cleanness and efficiency of their energy, Moldova and Ukraine are still underperforming, despite their potential for green energy generation. Improving the cleanness of their energy would also help strengthen the EU’s energy sovereignty, increasing the mutual benefits of closer energy cooperation. Ukraine’s vast gas reserves and extensive gas infrastructure, along with its potential for green hydrogen production and the significant development of renewable energy sources in both countries offer opportunities for cooperation with the EU, which could enhance both its energy security and decarbonisation efforts.

Source Link https://ecfr.eu/publication/energising-eastern-europe-how-the-eu-can-enhance-energy-sovereignty-through-cooperation-with-ukraine-and-moldova/
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  • https://ecfr.eu/wp-content/uploads/2024/03/Energising-eastern-Europe-How-the-EU-can-enhance-energy-sovereignty-through-cooperation-with-Ukraine-and-Moldova.pdf
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