Energy Security in South East Europe: The Role of the Southern Gas Corridor

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Series Details No.5, January 2015
Publication Date 30/01/2015
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South East European (SEE) countries represent small-scale markets. Natural gas is a new source of energy for these countries, some of which lack even the basic natural gas infrastructure, including Albania, Kosovo and Montenegro. Due to the region’s infrastructure deficit, natural gas penetration rate is much lower than in other European countries. Currently, the region can cover around 37% of its gas consumption through indigenous production. The rest is imported almost entirely from Russia.

The situation is better only in two countries: Romania and Croatia, which can meet a significant proportion of national demand through domestic production. Bulgaria and Serbia are also able to meet a small proportion of local consumption through domestic production. Natural gas consumption in South East European countries is expected to increase. In this regard, the region faces both opportunities and challenges.

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