Europe and the Iran nuclear threat

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Publication Date February 2023
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The closer Iran gets to nuclear weapons, the less Europe matters. Instead, the key decisions will be those made in Iran, Israel and the US. So long as there is a window for diplomacy, Europe’s has no choice but to try leverage the growing American and Israeli pressure on Iran to push Tehran to make concessions on its nuclear programme. Even an agreement narrower in scope than the JCPOA would make it harder for Iran to obtain nuclear weapons, placing limits on its nuclear programme. An agreement would make a regional conflict less likely, and might open the door to more diplomacy, with the potential for even stricter limits on Iran’s nuclear activities in exchange for fewer sanctions. Addressing Iran’s nuclear threat would remain a long-term challenge, but the prospect of a nuclear crisis would recede. That is the most that Europeans can hope to achieve for now.


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EPRS Briefings: PE 739.317: EU relations with Iran

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