Europe Needs a China Strategy

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Series Details Number 144
Publication Date June/July 2022
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In 2019, the EU described China as “a co-operation partner with whom the EU has closely aligned objectives, a negotiating partner with whom the EU needs to find a balance of interests, an economic competitor in the pursuit of technological leadership, and a systemic rival promoting alternative models of governance” – an analysis echoed by the 2022 EU Strategic Compass. In the last three years, however, the balance between partnership, competition and rivalry has shifted. Systemic rivalry is now at the core of Europe’s interactions with China.

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CER Report: May 2022: Rebooting Europe’s China Strategy
ECFR Policy Briefs: Sept. 2020: The new China consensus: How Europe is growing wary of Beijing
Council of the EU: March 2022: A Strategic Compass for Security and Defence

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