|Author (Corporate)||European Commission: DG Education Youth Sport and Culture|
|Publication Date||May 2018|
|Content Type||Research Paper|
The European Capitals of Culture (ECoC) were created in 1985 as an intergovernmental initiative and transformed into a European Union action in 1999. The rules were renewed from 2007, developing the effectiveness of the action further. In accordance with these rules, the European Commission ensures the external and independent evaluation of all 2007-2019 ECoC. In addition, a number of ECoC so far have initiated and carried out their own evaluations of the title year, following different models and approaches.
|Subject Categories||Culture, Education and Research|
|Keywords||European Capitals of Culture
|International Organisations||European Union [EU]|