European Parliament elections 2024 in France

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Publication Date 2024
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Information Guide focusing on the election for the European Parliament held in France on 9 June 2024, the preceding electoral campaign and its aftermath.

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This election takes place as part of the wider European Parliament elections held in June 2024 in the 27 Member States of the European Union (EU). A Bill creating a single national constituency was approved by France's National Assembly on 20 February 2018, and formally adopted by the Senate on 23 May 2018. It was promulgated on 25 June 2018 following the validation of the Constitutional Court. The country elects 81 of the 720 members of the European Parliament.

The months preceding the election were framed by the far-right National Rally (Rassemblement National - RN) leading the opinion polls, in a wider context of gains by right-wing parties across the EU. On 25 April 2025, the French President Emmanuel Macron delivered a speech at the Sorbonne setting out its vision for the future of the EU. Media outlets also covered the collapse of relations between the French and German far-right parties, and the potential cooperation between Marine Le Pen and Italy's far-right Prime Minister, Giorgia Meloni.

The elections delivered a substantial victory for the RN (31.4%), which was followed by Macron's Besoin d'Europe alliance (14.6%) and the centre-left Réveiller l'Europe alliance (13.8%). As a consequence of this election, the French President decided to dissolve the country's National Assembly and trigger early legislative elections.

Related Links
Commentary and Analysis
European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR): Commentary, 15/02/2024: Battle redux: Macron, Le Pen, and France’s European election campaign
Politico, 16/02/2024: How France’s National Rally plans to take the European Parliament hostage
Martens Centre for European Studies: News, 28/02/2024: The 2024 European Elections are a Crucial Vote for France’s Political Future
Le Monde, 11/03/2024: 2024 European elections: Who is running in France?
Konrad Adenauer Foundation: Country Reports, 14/03/2024: France ahead of the European elections
The Guardian: Editorial, 21/04/2024: The Guardian view on the French left: divided it will fall and fail, again
Politico, 25/04/2024: More cash, less screen time: 5 policy takeaways from Macron’s Sorbonne speech
France24: The Debate, 25/04/2024: More Europe or else? Macron lists 'mortal' dangers ahead of EU elections
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (Europe): Strategic Europe: Commentary, 25/04/2024: Will Macron’s Vision for European Defense Gain Traction?¢er=europe
The Economist, 25/04/2024: “Our Europe can die”: Macron’s dire message to the continent
Internationale Politik (IP) Quarterly: No 2/2024, 26/04/2024: Macron’s Battle for his European Legacy
Atlantic Council: Blogs: New Atlanticist, 29/04/2024: ‘Our Europe is mortal. It can die.’ Decoding Macron’s Sorbonne speech
London School of Economics (LSE): EUROPP Blog, 01/05/2024: France: the 2024 European Parliament elections – a pre-presidential election?
The Guardian: Opinion, 01/05/2024: France has turned against Macron. Will Europe set the stage for President Le Pen?
Euronews, 03/05/2024: How will the French far right affect Europe if they win the election?
UK in a Changing Europe: Analysis, 03/05/2024: Macron’s Sorbonne speech: a last act in European politics
RFI News, 05/05/2024: How France will help decide the 2024 European elections
Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS): Podcast, 09/05/2024: Macron’s Sorbonne Speech, Previewing the EU Parliament Election, and a Conversation with Rebecca Christie
The Guardian: Opinion, 10/05/2024: In France, we’ve been desperate for a real alternative to Macron and Le Pen. Finally, he’s here
The Spectator: Coffee House, 23/05/2024: Why Le Pen is happy to cut ties with the AfD
YouGov, 24/05/2024: French voting intention for the 2024 European Parliament election, May 2024
EurActiv, 27/05/2024: Why are French Greens losing ground in EU elections race?
Politico, 28/05/2024: A Meloni-Le Pen super group? Not so fast.
France24: Infographic, 29/05/2024: European elections: French parties compete for seats at the EU parliament
Royal Institute for International Affairs (Chatham House): Expert Comment, 30/05/2024: The EU elections will challenge Macron’s leadership and influence
Associated Press (AP News), 03/06/2024: France’s far right may win big in the EU elections. That’s worrying for migrants, Macron and Ukraine
Politico, 05/06/2024: 4 ways the EU election could reshape French politics
The Local (France): Analysis, 05/06/2024: What next for France after Macron's likely European election humiliation?
The New European, 05/06/2024: Who leads the European hard right: Meloni or Le Pen?
Politico, 06/06/2024: French Greens risk extinction. That could benefit von der Leyen.
YouGov, 07/06/2024: French voting intention for the 2024 European Parliament election, June 2024
The Conversation, 10/06/2024: Snap elections in France: a political scientist lays out what’s at stake
Sky News: Explainer, 10/06/2024: French elections: Who is 28-year-old far-right leader Jordan Bardella?
Bruegel: Opinion, 11/06/2024: European elections results: all eyes are on France and Germany

EurActiv, 01/02/2024: French Socialist Party’s EU election list deemed too elitist
Politico, 12/02/2024: French far right poised for record surge in EU election, poll shows
RFI News, 04/03/2024: French far right makes immigration focus of EU election campaign
Reuters, 04/03/2024: France's far-right RN makes immigration pillar of Europe poll campaign
The Telegraph (UK), 04/03/2024: Le Pen’s party leader pledges to halt France’s ‘erasure from EU’
France24, 09/03/2024: Macron's coalition blasts far right at EU election campaign launch
EurActiv, 12/03/2024: EU elections: French far-right exceeds 30%, widens gap with Macron’s Renaissance – polls
Deutsche Welle, 12/04/2024: France fights disinformation as Olympics, elections loom
Euronews, 15/04/2024: French right-wing candidate for EU elections campaigns on immigration at border city of Menton
Politico, 17/04/2024: Macron is all talk, no action on Ukraine, says left-wing rival Glucksmann
EurActiv, 19/04/2024: Macron to give ‘Sorbonne II’ speech, hopes to give campaign momentum
The Local (France), 24/04/2024: France's Macron in last-ditch bid to halt EU election battering
Politico, 25/04/2024: Macron warns Europe ‘can die’ in alarmist speech on protectionism, geopolitical threats
France24, 25/04/2024: ‘Mortal’ Europe needs to scale up defence, says Macron in keynote speech
EurActiv, 25/04/2024: ‘Strategic failure’: France’s Raphaël Glucksmann takes aim at Macron’s geopolitics
BBC News, 25/04/2024: Europe risks dying and faces big decisions - Macron
Le Monde, 26/04/2024: Macron's grand ambitions for Europe ahead of EU elections
Euronews, 26/04/2024: EU elections: French far-right candidate launches his campaign but avoids confrontation
BBC News, 01/05/2024: European elections 2024: France's far right shows off star turn Fabrice Leggeri
Le Monde, 01/05/2024: Le Pen urges 'crushing' defeat of Macron in speech ahead of European elections
Le Monde, 03/05/2024: European elections: Macron pick Hayer fails to unnerve far-right Bardella in debate
EurActiv, 03/05/2024: EU elections: France’s presidential majority unveils the first 30 names on its list
France24, 06/05/2024: European elections: One month ahead, the French badly need to start doing their homework
Reuters, 09/05/2024: Economy scars voters in run-up to EU election
Le Monde, 13/05/2024: Macron considers debating Le Pen to avoid European elections fiasco
Le Monde, 13/05/2024: European elections: Macron's candidate says she was tricked into photo with 'neo-Nazi' group
Euronews, 15/05/2024: EU election: French right-wing party launches its campaign
EurActiv, 21/05/2024: Meloni seeks to unite Europe’s right parties, edges closer to Le Pen
Politico, 21/05/2024: France’s National Rally won’t sit with Alternative for Germany in EU Parliament
Deutsche Welle, 22/05/2024: French far-right National Rally splits with Germany's AfD
RFI News, 22/05/2024: Record 37 French parties fielding lists for EU election
Le Monde, 22/05/2024: European elections: Le Pen officially breaks with German ally AfD
EurActiv, 22/05/2024: French RN breaks with German AfD
RFI News, 23/05/2024: France’s Le Pen hints at far-right alliance with Italy’s Meloni
Politico, 26/05/2024: Le Pen to Meloni: Let’s team up and form EU Parliament’s No. 2 group
The Guardian, 27/05/2024: Le Pen invites Meloni to form ‘super-group’ in European parliament
EurActiv, 28/05/2024: Le Pen, Meloni must ‘shepherd’ EU’s far-right out of divisions, AUR says
Euronews, 28/05/2024: Courted by Le Pen and von der Leyen, powerbroker Meloni holds the cards ahead of EU election
Reuters, 29/05/2024: Le Pen and Meloni should work together after EU election, Hungary's Orban says
Reuters, 31/05/2024: France's Socialists snap at Macron's heels ahead of European election
Euronews, 03/06/2024: EU elections: Multiple French opposition parties file complaint over Macron interview
Le Monde, 03/06/2024: EU elections poll: Far right consolidates lead in France
Euronews, 03/06/2024: EU elections: French candidates enter final stretch of campaign
France24, 04/06/2024: 'Manterrupted'? French PM accused of barging into interview with EU election candidate
BBC News, 04/06/2024: 'Mansplaining' French PM accused of sidelining colleague
EurActiv, 05/06/2024: National issues take centre stage in France’s EU elections, as far right surges in polls
Associated Press (AP News), 05/06/2024: France hurries to let New Caledonia vote in European elections after its deadly unrest. Few want to
Le Monde, 07/06/2024: EU elections: Final poll shows race still uncertain in France
Politico, 09/06/2024: Macron gambles on snap election to fight far-right surge
BBC News, 09/06/2024: Macron takes huge risk with surprise election
Politico, 09/06/2024: French far right obliterates Macron’s party in EU election
The Economist, 09/06/2024: As the French hard right triumphs in EU elections, Macron calls snap vote
RFI News, 09/06/2024: French president dissolves parliament after far-right National Rally's EU elections victory
Euronews, 09/06/2024: France: Marine Le Pen's far-right party makes historic gains in EU elections
RTÉ News, 10/06/2024: Far-right gains in EU election as France calls snap vote
RFI News, 10/06/2024: France gears up for legislative elections after right-wing gains in EU polls
Reuters, 10/06/2024: Far-right advances in EU election, France calls snap national vote
The Guardian, 10/06/2024: EU elections: Macron to dissolve French parliament after crushing loss to far right
Associated Press (AP News), 10/06/2024: Far-right gains in the EU election deal stunning defeats to France’s Macron and Germany’s Scholz
EurActiv, 13/06/2024: Political future of expelled newly elected Reconquête! MEPs in question

France: Ministère de l’Europe et des Affaires Étrangères: Élections européennes 2024
European Union: European Elections, 6-9 June 2024: How to vote in France
France: LegiFrance: LOI n° 2018-509 du 25 juin 2018 relative à l'élection des représentants au Parlement européen
Renew Europe EP Group: News, 25/02/2024: Valérie Hayer elected president of Renew Europe
French Presidency (Élysée): Europe Speech (Sorbonne, 25 April 2024)

ESO Records
European Sources Online: ESO Information Guide: European Parliament elections, 6-9 June 2024

Wikipedia: 2024 European Parliament election in France

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