|Author (Person)||Boyle, Katie|
|Publisher||Economic and Social Research Council|
|Series Title||The UK in a Changing Europe|
|Series Details||April 2016|
|Publication Date||April 2016|
|Content Type||Journal | Series | Blog|
Europe consists of two separate legal systems, each of which has a separate human rights framework: the Council of Europe and the European Union. The Council of Europe has 47 member states including Russia. The European Union on the other hand has 28 member states and includes arrangements for the free movement of goods, persons, services and capital. The UK is a member of both systems, but the forthcoming referendum on 23 June is asking the electorate to decide whether or not to continue membership of the European Union.
At the same time, the Government has also promised to scrap the Human Rights Act 1998 and break the link with the European Court of Human Rights. The European Court of Human Rights is part of the Council of Europe system and so this process is separate to the decision on whether to remain a member of the European Union.
The two European systems at times overlap and are intertwined. This explainer helps to disentangle some of the issues relating to a complex and fragmented UK human rights framework that draws on two separate European legal systems. Potential reform or exit from either system is considered in the context of implications for UK citizens at the national and devolved level.
|Subject Categories||Law, Values and Beliefs|
|Countries / Regions||United Kingdom|