Finnish parliamentary election, 14 April 2019

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Author (Corporate)
Publication Date 2019
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Summary:

Reports and analyses relating to the legislative elections held in Finland on 14 April 2019.

Further information:

In Finland, the Members of Parliament are usually elected every four years. In the parliamentary election, the country is divided into electoral districts. A certain number of Members of Parliament are selected from each district. The number depends on the population of the electoral district. A total number of 200 Members of Parliament are elected. A functioning government is required a parliamentary majority of at least 101 seats.

In March 2019, the coalition government led by Centre's Party Juha Sipila - and also include the National Coalition Party (NCP) and the Blue Reform Party - resigned after it failed to agree on major social and health reform. The cabinet remained in place in a caretaker capacity until the election in April. During the electoral campaign, leaders from some of the main political parties rejected the possibility to join a coalition which would include the Finns Party.

On 14 April, the opposition Social Democrats (SDP) claimed a narrow win (17,7%) over the Eurosceptic Finns Party (17,5%). The co-ruling Centre Party scored 13,8%, while the National Coalition stood at 17,0%. This was the first time in a century that no party won more than 20% in a general election. Antti Rinne, leader of the biggest party in parliament, SDP, would be given the first shot at forming a government.

Related Link(s)
Commentary and Analysis
Robert Schuman Foundation, 26/03/2019: Towards victory for the Social Democrats in Finland? https://www.robert-schuman.eu/en/eem/1796-towards-victory-for-the-social-democrats-in-finland
Wikipedia: 2019 Finnish parliamentary election https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2019_Finnish_parliamentary_election
IFES Election Guide: Finnish Election for Parliament, 14 April 2019 http://www.electionguide.org/elections/id/3125/
Helsinki Times, 13/04/2019: Trumpism comes to Finland, exporting happiness, and Kardashians in Lapland – Finland in the World Press http://www.helsinkitimes.fi/world-int/world-news/finland-in-the-world-press/16339-trumpism-comes-to-finland-exporting-happiness-and-kardashians-in-lapland-finland-in-the-world-press.html
Euronews: Finland election 2019: all you need to know about the landmark vote https://www.euronews.com/2019/04/12/finland-election-2019-all-you-need-to-know-about-the-landmark-vote
Euro|topics, April 2019: Who will govern Finland? https://www.eurotopics.net/en/218351/

News
BBC News, 08/03/2019: Finland's government resigns over failed healthcare reform https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-47496326
Politico, 10/03/2019: Finland’s Sipilä hopes to turn crisis into election reboot https://www.politico.eu/article/finlands-juha-sipila-hopes-to-turn-crisis-into-election-reboot/
Bloomberg, 08/04/2019: Parties and COalition Building: A Guide to the Finish Elections https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-04-08/parties-and-coalition-building-a-guide-to-the-finnish-elections
Politico, 12/04/2019: Social Democrats in front as Finland heads to the polls https://www.politico.eu/article/finland-election-social-democrats-in-front/
The New York Times, 12/04/2019: The Right’s New Rallying Cry in Finland: ‘Climate Hysteria’ https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/12/world/europe/finland-populism-immigration-climate-change.html
YLE News, 14/04/2019: Finland election: SDP squeezes narrow lead over upstart Finns Party https://yle.fi/uutiset/osasto/news/finland_election_sdp_squeezes_narrow_lead_over_upstart_finns_party/10738144
Deutsche Welle, 14/04/2019: Finland election: Social Democrats, nationalist party top vote-getters https://p.dw.com/p/3GlG5
Reuters, 14/04/2019: Finnish Social Democrats and nationalist Finns Party nearly tied in election https://uk.reuters.com/article/idUKKCN1RP0RG
The Guardian, 14/04/2019: Finland’s Social Democrats declare general election victory https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/apr/14/finland-social-democrats-partial-election-result-leftwing
Euronews, 14/04/2019: Finland's Social Democrats win razor-thin victory against far-right party https://www.euronews.com/2019/04/14/finland-s-social-democrats-win-first-place-in-advance-voting
Politico, 15/04/2019: Finland’s Social Democrats win close election victory https://www.politico.eu/article/finlands-social-democrats-win-close-election-victory/
EurActiv, 15/04/2019: Social Democrats clinch narrow victory in Finland’s election https://www.euractiv.com/section/politics/news/social-democrats-clinch-narrow-victory-in-finlands-election/
BBC News, 15/04/2019: Finland election: Tough coalition talks after split poll https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-47893264
France24, 15/04/2019: Finland's Social Democrats win razor-thin victory against far-right party https://www.france24.com/en/20190414-social-democrats-claim-narrow-win-over-populists-finns-party-finland-election
Helsinki Times, 15/04/2019: Social Democrats emerges narrowly as largest party in Finnish Parliament http://www.helsinkitimes.fi/finland/finland-news/politics/16342-social-democrats-emerges-narrowly-as-largest-party-in-finnish-parliament.html
The Guardian, 15/04/2019: Finland's SDP tries to build coalition after narrow election win https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/apr/15/finlands-sdp-tries-to-build-coalition-after-narrow-election-win

Official
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Finland: Parliamentary elections in Finland 2019 https://um.fi/parliamentary-elections-in-finland-2019
infofinland: Elections and voting in Finland https://www.infofinland.fi/en/information-about-finland/finnish-society/elections-in-finland
Finnish Ministry of Justice: Parliamentary Elections 2019 Results https://tulospalvelu.vaalit.fi/EKV-2019/en/tulos_kokomaa.html
OSCE: ODIHR: Finnish Parliamentary Elections, 14 April 2019 https://www.osce.org/odihr/elections/finland/411758

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