G20 summit, 21-22 November 2020

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Publication Date November 2020
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Saudi Arabia hosted a virtual G20 Summit on 21-22 November 2020.

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The G20 leaders expressed their strong commitment to coordinated global action, solidarity, and multilateral cooperation. They committed to working together to overcome the COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic, restore growth and jobs, and build a more inclusive, sustainable and resilient future. They committed to sparing no effort to make sure that all people have affordable and equitable access to safe and effective COVID-19 diagnostics, therapeutics and vaccines. They also committed to advancing global pandemic preparedness, prevention, detection and response.

The G20 leaders were also determined to support the most vulnerable and fragile countries, notably in Africa, in their fight against the pandemic. To this end, they committed to allowing countries eligible under the G20 Debt Service Suspension Initiative (DSSI) to suspend official bilateral debt service payments until June 2021.

The leaders reaffirmed their support to the  reform process of the World Trade Organisation (WTO)  in the lead-up to the 12th WTO Ministerial Conference. They recognised the contribution that the Riyadh Initiative on the Future of the WTO has made. They also agreed to strive to find a consensus-based solution for a globally fair, sustainable, and modern international tax system by mid-2021, built on the ongoing work of the OECD.

On digital economy, the participants expressed their support for fostering an open, fair and non-discriminatory environment and for protecting and empowering consumers while addressing the challenges related to privacy, data protection, intellectual property rights and security.

At the end of the summit, the G20 leaders adopted a declaration.

Related Links
Commentary and Analysis
Wikipedia: 2020 G20 Riyadh summit https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2020_G20_Riyadh_summit
The Guardian, 20/11/2020: Reform rhetoric at odds with reality as Saudi Arabia hosts G20 summit https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/nov/20/we-need-to-do-a-better-job-saudi-arabia-has-an-image-problem-ahead-of-g20-summit
Reuters, 20/11/2020: COVID deals blow to Saudi Arabia's G20 summit ambitions https://uk.reuters.com/article/idUKKBN2800YI
Euro|topics, November 2020: G20 summit: much consensus, few tangible measures https://www.eurotopics.net/en/251750/

Politico, 28/09/2020: Saudi Arabia takes G20 leaders’ summit online https://www.politico.eu/article/saudi-arabia-takes-g20-leaders-summit-online/
RTÉ News, 18/11/2020: Saudi to host online G20 summit amid Covid pandemic https://www.rte.ie/news/business/2020/1118/1178933-saudis-g20-summit/
The Guardian, 21/11/2020: Trump tells G20 leaders he wants to work with them ‘for a long time’ https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/nov/21/trump-tells-g20-leaders-he-wants-to-work-with-them-for-a-long-time
France24, 21/11/2020: Coronavirus pandemic, economic crisis dominate Saudi-hosted G20 summit https://www.france24.com/en/middle-east/20201121-coronavirus-pandemic-economic-crisis-set-to-dominate-saudi-hosted-g20-summit
Deutsche Welle, 21/11/2020: G20: Angela Merkel calls for global action to beat coronavirus https://p.dw.com/p/3leZt
Euronews, 22/11/2020: G20 leaders call for worldwide coordinated response to COVID-19 pandemic https://www.euronews.com/2020/11/22/g20-leaders-call-for-worldwide-coordinated-response-to-covid-19-pandemic
Politico, 22/11/2020: G20 leaders vow to supply vaccine to needy countries, despite funding shortfall https://www.politico.eu/article/g20-leaders-vow-to-fight-pandemic-supply-vaccine-to-needy-countries-despite-funding-shortfall/
TRT World, 22/11/2020: Coronavirus, recession dominates Saudi-hosted G20 summit https://www.trtworld.com/business/coronavirus-recession-dominates-saudi-hosted-g20-summit-41675
EurActiv, 22/11/2020: G20 throws weight behind global Covid-19 vaccine access at Saudi-hosted summit https://www.euractiv.com/section/health-consumers/news/g20-throws-weight-behind-global-covid-19-vaccine-access-at-saudi-hosted-summit/
The Japan Times, 22/11/2020: Suga urges global access to COVID-19 vaccines as G20 summit opens https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2020/11/22/national/politics-diplomacy/g20-suga-global-vaccine-access/

G20 Riyadh Summit Official Website https://www.g20riyadhsummit.org/
G20 Summit: Leaders' Declaration - G20 Riyadh Summit, November 21-22, 2020 https://www.consilium.europa.eu/media/46883/g20-riyadh-summit-leaders-declaration_en.pdf
General Secretariat of the Council: G20 summit, 21-22 November 2020 https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/meetings/international-summit/2020/11/21-22/
European Council: Remarks by President Charles Michel before the G20 summit 2020 (20 November 2020) https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2020/11/20/remarks-by-president-charles-michel-before-the-g20-summit-2020/
European Commission: Statement by President von der Leyen at the joint press conference with President Michel ahead of the G20 Summit (20 November 2020) https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/statement_20_2170
United Nations: News, 20/11/2020: UN chief to press G20 for greater solidarity and support during pandemic https://news.un.org/en/story/2020/11/1078192
European Council: Press Release, 22/11/2020: G20 Summit: G20 leaders united to address major global pandemic and economic challenges https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2020/11/22/g20-summit-g20-leaders-united-to-address-major-global-pandemic-and-economic-challenges/
UK Government: Press Release, 21/11/2020: PM: G20 must work together to defeat the pandemic and protect the planet https://www.gov.uk/government/news/pm-g20-must-work-together-to-defeat-the-pandemic-and-protect-the-planet
WHO: WHO Director-General's opening remarks at the G20 Leaders Summit (21 November 2020) https://www.who.int/director-general/speeches/detail/who-director-general-s-opening-remarks-at-the-g20-leaders-summit
Russian Presidency: Events, 21/11/2020: G20 Summit http://en.kremlin.ru/events/president/news/64460
European Commission: Press Release, 22/11/2020: G20 Summit: G20 leaders united to address major global pandemic and economic challenges https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_2189
German Federal Government: News, 22/11/2020: G20 Summit - Working together to ensure vaccines are distributed fairly https://www.bundesregierung.de/breg-en/news/g20-summit-1818784
Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs: The G20 Riyadh Summit (23 November 2020) https://www.mofa.go.jp/ecm/ec/page6e_000220.html

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