GLOBSEC Vulnerability Index 2021 – Extended methodology

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Publication Date November 2021
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The GLOBSEC Vulnerability Index measures vulnerability towards foreign influence in eight countries: Bulgaria, Czechia, Hungary, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia and Slovakia on a 0-100 scale, where 0 is the most resilient and 100 the most vulnerable. It assesses five key dimensions: public attitudes, political landscape, public administration, information landscape, and civic and academic space, with a particular focus directed towards the Kremlin’s and Beijing’s activities.

The Index’s importance goes beyond the Central European and Western Balkan regions, however. It is a test of how confrontation of the West against Russia on the one hand and China on the other is playing out in a strategically important part of the world – geographically peripheral members of EU and NATO or countries in their neighbourhood aspiring to membership or partnership.


  • 02 Summary
  • 04 Theoretical background
  • 06 Key terminology
  • 08 Index structure
  • 10 D1: Public attitudes
  • 11 D2: Political landscape
  • 12 D3: Public administration
  • 13 D4: Information landscape
  • 14 D5:  Civic & academic space
  • 15 Public attitudes dimension
  • 19 Political landscape dimension
  • 24 Public administration dimension
  • 32 Information landscape dimension
  • 35 Civic & academic space dimension
  • 37 Qualitative assessment: Country chapters
  • 38 References
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ESO Records
GLOBSEC: Vulnerability Index, November 2021: Comparative report

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