|Author (Person)||Briançon, Pierre|
Following the terrorist attacks on Paris on the 13 November 2015, as part of the response of the French Government, President Hollande was said to be working to build up a 'grand coalition' against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and their headquarters in Syria.
+ invoking the EU’s mutual assistance clause, 16-17 November 2015
+ securing a unanimous vote the Security Council of the United Nations on the 20 November 2015 to adopt a Resolution declaring that the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant/Sham (ISIL/ISIS) constituted an 'unprecedented' threat to international peace and security, calling upon Member States with the requisite capacity to take 'all necessary measures' to prevent and suppress its terrorist acts on territory under its control in Syria and Iraq.
+ during the week of 23-27 November 2015 President Hollande held successive bilateral meetings with the leaders of the United Kingdom, United States, Italy, Germany, Russia and China.
The situation was complicated by various issues:
+ the downing of a Russian airforce plane by NATO member Turkey as it flew on a mission against ISIL on the 24 November 2015. Turkey claimed that the plane had entered the airspace of Turkey, a point denied by Russia.
+ the debate within the UK whether it should extend its bombing campaign against ISIL in Iraq to Syria in support of France and other Western allies.
In a shift of the French position, France's foreign minister Laurent Fabius suggested on the 27 November 2015 that troops loyal to Bashar al-Assad could be used to fight the Islamic State group, but only in the framework of a political transition without the Syrian President.
|Subject Categories||Security and Defence|
|Countries / Regions||Europe, France, Germany, Italy, Middle East, Russia, United Kingdom|