How are European forest ecosystems doing?

Author (Corporate)
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Series Details 04/2023, Number 4
Publication Date March 2023
ISBN 978-92-9480-549-2
ISSN 2467-3196
EC TH-AM-23-004-EN-Q
Content Type


To sustain their multiple services, forests must be both resistant and resilient. Resistance refers to a forest’s ability to resist or withstand external pressures such as pests, disease or natural disturbances. Resilience refers to a forest’s ability to recover and adapt after a disturbance. Maintaining healthy forests requires a combination of strategies, including sustainable management practices, landscape-scale planning, and proactive efforts to address the impacts of climate change. This way, forests can continue to provide the many benefits that society depends on, both now and in the future.

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