Kaliningrad and the Escalatory Spiral in the Baltics

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Series Details 09.12.16
Publication Date 09/12/2016
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Over the past twenty-five years, the Kaliningrad exclave has been a thorn in NATO’s side. A Russian military outpost wedged between Lithuania and Poland, it is a critical element of Russian military planning, especially when it comes to anti-access and area denial (A2/AD) systems over the Baltic Sea and Moscow’s ability to project power in the Nordic and Baltic regions.

Since Russia’s March 2014 annexation of Crimea and subsequent escalation of the war in Ukraine, Moscow has been pouring troops and weapons into Kaliningrad, most recently nuclear-capable Iskander missiles and S-400 surface-to-air batteries
most recently nuclear-capable Iskander missiles and S-400 surface-to-air batteries. Kaliningrad’s primary rail link to the Russian mainland runs through Lithuania, raising fears in Vilnius that Russia may leverage this vulnerability to create a confrontation at will.

Source Link http://carnegieeurope.eu/strategiceurope/66402
Related Links
ESO: Background information: Russia decides to deploy missiles in Kaliningrad http://www.europeansources.info/record/russia-decides-to-deploy-missiles-in-kaliningrad/
ESO: Background information: Thaw in relations between Nato and Russia? http://www.europeansources.info/record/thaw-in-relations-between-nato-and-russia/
ESO: Background information: Poland to build watchtowers at Kaliningrad enclave border http://www.europeansources.info/record/poland-to-build-watchtowers-at-kaliningrad-enclave-border/
Wikipedia: Kaliningrad https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kaliningrad
BBC News, 22.11.16: Kaliningrad: New Russian missile deployment angers Nato http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-38070201
Sputnik International, 09.12.16: Russian Foreign Ministry Refutes Claims on Militarization of Kaliningrad Exclave https://sputniknews.com/russia/201612091048368217-ministry-militarization-kaliningrad-claims/

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