Proposals setting out Common Agricultural Policy plans for the period 2021-2027

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Publication Date 2018-2021
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Information Guide concerning the legislative package published by the European Commission on 1 June 2018 aimed at a revision of the European Union's Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) for the period 2021-2027.

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The set of proposals were intended to offer Member States greater flexibility and responsibility for choosing how and where to invest their CAP funding in order to meet the goals set at EU level for the agricultural sector, while at the same time ensuring fair and targeted support to farmers' income. The initiatives are for a Regulation on the CAP Strategic Plans (a proposed new way of working covering direct payments to farmers, rural development support and sectoral support programmes), a Regulation on the Single Common Market Organisation (CMO) and a horizontal Regulation on financing, managing and monitoring the CAP.

These proposals gave shape to the ideas for the future of the Common Agricultural Policy, as outlined in the Communication on the Future of Food and Farming put forward by the European Commission at an earlier stage. They were also put forward in the framework of the discussions on the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) for the period 2021-2017.

The length of the discussions on the CAP reform meant that transitional rules had to be established to secure the continuous operation of the policy. The Council of the European Union adopted its general approach on 21 October 2020. The plenary of the European Parliament adopted its own negotiating position on 23 October. Trilogue negotiations were launched in November 2020. An informal agreement on a compromise text for this file was reached by the co-legislators on 25 June 2021. This was formally endorsed by the Parliament on 23 November and by the Council on 2 December.

The new provisions were scheduled to take effect from 2023.

Related Links
Commentary and Analysis
Heinrich Böll Foundation: Dossiers: CAP Strategic Plans
Blog on CAP Reform by Professor Alan Matthews, Trinity College Dublin
Politico, 31/05/2018: 50 shades of green: Europe’s farm reforms explained
EUObserver: Opinion, 25/06/2018: Progressive CAP alternative only hope for sustainability
EPRS: Briefing, September 2018: Towards the Common Agricultural Policy beyond 2020: comparing the reform package with the current regulations
EPRS: Briefing, January 2019: Modernising and simplifying the common agricultural policy - Initial Appraisal of a European Commission Impact Assessment
Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP): Reports, January 2019: CAP 2021-27: Using the eco-scheme to maximise environmental and climate benefits
EurActiv: Opinion, 10/04/2019: Will the post-2020 CAP be a missed opportunity?
EurActiv: Special Reports, July 2019: The environment in the new CAP
EPRS: In-Depth Analysis, November 2019: Information package on the post 2020 CAP reform
Corporate Europe Observatory: Publication, 20/10/2020: CAP vs Farm to Fork Will we pay billions to destroy, or to support biodiversity, climate, and farmers?
Politico, 21/10/2020: 5 key elements of the emerging CAP deal
Farm Europe: News, 21/10/2020: CAP: European Parliament votes in favour of a triple-performance agricultural policy
Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP): Briefing Notes, 18/03/2021: CAP trilogue briefing: What green ambitions of the CAP reform can still be salvaged?
EEB / Greenpeace / BirdLife: Joint Publication, 29/06/2021: Does the new CAP measure up? – NGOs assessment against 10 tests for a Green Deal-compatible EU Farming Policy
Robert Schuman Foundation: European Issues No 607, 20/09/2021: The Common Agricultural Policy 2023-2027: change and continuity

EurActiv, 01/06/2018: European Commission under fire after new CAP proposals unveiled
EurActiv, 06/07/2018: EP’s AGRI committee no longer alone on CAP reform negotiations
Cyprus Mail, 10/07/2018: Cypriot farmers likely to struggle to meet new EU conditions
EurActiv, 17/07/2018: Berlin joins opposition to EU Commission’s proposed cuts for CAP
EurActiv, 26/11/2019: German farmers will ‘have to declare bankruptcy’ if CAP direct payments are capped
EUObserver, 16/11/2020: Timmermans 'disappointed' with ongoing CAP reform
EurActiv, 01/03/2021: Portuguese presidency calls ‘super trilogue’ to seek CAP breakthrough
EUObserver, 25/03/2021: 'Marked divergences' remain in CAP reform showdown
Politico, 22/05/2021: MEPs seek to tackle Orbán and Babiš over EU farm funds
Euronews, 30/06/2021: EU reforms to common agricultural policy branded 'greenwashing'
Agriland, 09/09/2021: CAP deal passes vote in European Parliament agri committee
Deutsche Welle, 23/11/2021: EU lawmakers pass Common Agricultural Policy deal — but green critics sound alarm

European Commission: The new common agricultural policy: 2023-27
General Secretariar of the Council: Policies: Common agricultural policy 2023-2027
European Parliament: Factsheets: Towards a post-2020 common agricultural policy
Irish Department of Agriculture: Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) Post 2020
UK Parliament: Lords Select Committee: EU Environment Sub-Committee: Reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)
European Commission: Press Release, 01/06/2018: EU budget: the Common Agricultural Policy beyond 2020
European Commission: Fact Sheet, 01/06/2018: EU Budget: the Common Agricultural Policy beyond 2020 [Q&A]
EPP EP Group: Newsroom, 10/09/2020: EPP Group Position Paper on the CAP Reform
German Council Presidency: News, 21/10/2020: From eco-schemes to national strategies: These changes will result from reforms to the EU's Common Agricultural Policy
Greens/EFA EP Group: Press Release, 25/06/2021: CAP: Agreement falls far short of Green Deal goals
Council of the European Union: Press Release, 25/06/2021: Council and EP strike provisional deal on the future of the CAP
Council of the European Union: Press Release, 28/06/2021: Farming ministers confirm CAP reform deal
Polish Government: News, 28/06/2021: Agreement reached on the future of the Common Agricultural Policy after 2022
European Parliament: Press Release, 23/11/2021: Common Agricultural Policy reform gets final approval from MEPs
Council of the European Union: Press Release, 02/12/2021: Council adopts fairer, greener and more performance-based farming policy for 2023-2027

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