Moldovan parliamentary election, July 2021

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Information Guide concerning the legislation election held in Moldova on 11 July 2021.

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The 101 seats in the Moldovan Parliament are elected by party-list proportional representation in a single nationwide constituency. The nation-wide electoral threshold varies depending on the type of list; for single parties or organisations it is 5%; for an electoral bloc of two or more parties it is 7%. For independent candidates the threshold is 2%.

The early election was triggered following the dissolution of the Parliament on 28 April 2021, made effective by decree signed by the President of Moldova. This was allowed only after two decisions were issued by the country's Constitutional Court - the first one confirming the conditions had been met for such dissolution, and a second one lifting the state of emergency introduced in relation to the COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic. Dissolving the Parliament was the answer to the chamber's inability to endorse a new cabinet within the constitutional deadlines, following the resignation of Prime Minister Ion Chicu.

This election was widely regarded as a stand-off between those arguing for closer relations with Russia and those defending closer relations with the European Union (EU). Following the election of Maia Sandu as Moldova's President, pre-electoral polls suggested momentum was with the latter group. The electoral campaign also focused on matters such as poverty and the fight against corruption, and more widely on the need for Moldova to come to terms with its recent history.

The official results largely reflected the momentum gained by the pro-EU side leading up to the election. Centre-right PAS party was the clear winner of the election (52.8%), grabbing the status of largest party in Parliament from the pro-Russian BECS party (27.2%). The Eurosceptic Șor party was third in the polls (5.7%).

Related Links
Commentary and Analysis
Wikipedia: 2021 Moldovan parliamentary election
IFES Election Guide: Republic of Moldova - Election for Parliament (Moldovan Parliament)
Emerging Europe: Tag: Moldova Parliamentary Election 2021
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace: Article, 17/05/2021: Inventing Crisis in Moldova: All Geopolitics Is Local
LSE: EUROPP Blog, 28/06/2021: Moldova’s election: Should polling stations be opened in Transnistria?
GMFUS: Blog, 30/06/2021: Corruption and Connectivity at Stake in Moldova’s Elections
ECEAP: Publication, 30/06/2021: Parliamentary Elections in Moldova 11 July 2021
IFES: FAQs, 06/07/2021: Elections in Moldova 2021 - Parliamentary Elections
International Institute for Peace: Blog, 08/07/2021: Snap elections in Moldova: what is at stake?
Euro|topics, July 2021: New election in Moldova: Points win for the president

EurActiv, 26/04/2021: Moldova’s pro-EU President dissolves parliament, sets July elections
EurActiv, 09/07/2021: Moldova holds parliament vote set to weaken Russia’s grip
RFE/RL, 10/07/2021: Moldova's Snap Elections Seen As A Referendum On Its Russian Past Versus A European Future
Deutsche Welle, 11/07/2021: Moldova election: Pro-EU party headed to victory
France24, 11/07/2021: Moldova's snap election set to weaken Russia's influence
RFE/RL, 11/07/2021: Pro-European Party Leading Moldova's Snap General Elections
Reuters, 12/07/2021: Pro-Western party wins Moldova election, preliminary data shows
Politico, 12/07/2021: Moldova on pro-EU course after elections
Euronews, 12/07/2021: President Maia Sandu says 'reign of thieves' is over after Moldova election
Balkan Insight, 12/07/2021: Pro-European Forces Score Landslide Win in Moldova Election
Associated Press, 12/07/2021: Early returns in Moldova point to win by pro-EU reformers
EurActiv, 12/07/2021: Moldova president pledges ‘end to rule of thieves’ as party leads poll

Official Website of the Central Electoral Commission of Moldova
OSCE: ODIHR: Early Parliamentary Elections in Moldova, 11 July 2021
Council of Europe: Statement by PACE pre-electoral delegation ahead of the early parliamentary elections in the Republic of Moldova
EU EEAS: Moldova: Statement by the High Representative Josep Borrell and Commissioner Olivér Várhelyi on the parliamentary elections (12 July 2021)
Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs: News, 13/07/2021: MFA statement on parliamentary election in the Republic of Moldova on 11 July 2021

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