Monitoring “secondary movements” and “hotspots”: Frontex is now an internal surveillance agency

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Series Details Volume 21, Number 11
Publication Date December 2019
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The EU’s border agency, Frontex, now has powers to gather data on “secondary movements” and the “hotspots” within the EU. The intention is to ensure “situational awareness” and produce risk analyses on the migratory situation within the EU, in order to inform possible operational action by national authorities. This brings with it increased risks for the fundamental rights of both non-EU nationals and ethnic minority EU citizens.

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