Protests across Moscow ahead of City Duma election

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Publication Date 2019
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Feature bringing together reports and analyses of the protests held in Moscow in July and August 2019, following the refusal by Russian authorities to allow opposition candidates to stand in the local parliamentary election, scheduled for 8 September.

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Opposition politicians called protests in July 2019 in response to a decision by the electoral commission to invalidate a high number of signatures which would have allowed opposition candidates to stand in Moscow's City Duma election. Anger from locals led to some of the largest anti-government demonstrations held in years, which refused the reasoning of the public authorities to reject the candidates' applications.

A rally on 20 July gathered over 20,000 people on the streets of Moscow. Authorities refused to allow subsequent demonstrations - which were promised an even bigger crowd of protestors - on the basis that such protests included violence threats against the electoral commission. Several opposition leaders were later detained and given short jail sentences as a short-term measure to keep them away from protests. Among them was Alexei Navalny, which was later taken to hospital after falling ill during his stay in prison. On 27 July, police detained over 1,300 people following further protests, prompting wide international condemnation. On 3 August, 800 people were detained, including prominent activist Lyubov Sobol. A demonstration on 10 August gathered thousands of people and was against met with mass arrests and a violent crackdown by the police. France and Germany subsequently condemned Russian police crackdown on protestors, seen as 'excessive use of force'.

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Commentary and Analysis
Wikipedia: 2019 Moscow City Duma election
Deutsche Welle, 29/07/2019: The Kremlin fears its own people
OSW: Analyses, 29/07/2019: New political protests in Moscow and the government’s harsh response
The Guardian, 04/08/2019: 'We have to fight for our rights': is Russia ready to defy Putin?
Euro|topics, August 2019: Mass arrests in Moscow in run-up to election
BBC News, 07/08/2019: Olga Misik: Russia’s ‘Tiananmen teen’ protester on front line
Deustche Welle, 11/08/2019: Growing discontent in Moscow poses challenge to Kremlin
The Guardian, 12/08/2019: Moscow’s peaceful protests enrage the Kremlin because its only tool is violence
openDemocracy: ODR, 12/08/2019: The chilly Moscow summer of 2019
BBC News, 13/08/2019: Moscow protests: What's behind the rallies in Russia?
Euro|topics, August 2019: Can the Moscow protests put real pressure on Putin?
The Economist, 15/08/2019: Protests in Moscow show that Putin’s critics are getting stronger
Chatham House: Expert Comment, 16/08/2019: Protests in Russia Show How the Political Environment Has Changed
OSW: Analyses, 21/08/2019: Russia: the rise and fall of the summer protests
BBC News, 29/08/2019: Moscow protests: Students challenging arrest in Putin's Russia
Euro|topics, September 2019: Moscow: prison sentences for demonstrators

Deutsche Welle, 14/07/2019: Russian police arrest protesters at Moscow opposition rally
Deutsche Welle, 20/07/2019: Russians rally for independent candidates to stand in elections
BBC News, 25/07/2019: Russian police raid opposition ahead of big Moscow rally
TASS, 26/07/2019: Police warn against calls to join illegal protests in Moscow on Saturday
BBC News, 27/07/2019: Russia protests: Thousand arrests at Moscow rally
Euronews, 27/07/2019: Thousand detained at Moscow free elections protest
The Guardian, 27/07/2019: Moscow police arrest more than 1,000 protesters ahead of election
The Guardian, 28/07/2019: Russian opposition leader ill after exposure to 'undefined chemical'
Politico, 29/07/2019: Moscow protests pose problem for Putin
TASS, 29/07/2019: Press review: Election protest in Moscow and Erdogan's rapprochement with Russia
Euronews, 29/07/2019: Jailed Russian opposition leader hospitalized after suspected poisoning, lawyer says
Euronews, 02/08/2019: Hundreds detained in Moscow protest for fair election
France24, 03/08/2019: Police detain hundreds at Moscow opposition protest
BBC News, 03/08/2019: Russia protests: Hundreds detained during unauthorised demonstration
BBC News, 03/08/2019: Lyubov Sobol: The woman driving Russia's opposition protests
Politico, 03/08/2019: Moscow police use force to end election protest, arrest 600
The Guardian, 04/08/2019: Russian police make hundreds of arrests at Moscow protest
Deutsche Welle, 04/08/2019: Germany calls on Russia to release Moscow protesters
EurActiv, 05/08/2019: France, Germany condemn protest crackdown in Moscow
TASS, 09/08/2019: Two other participants in July 27 mass riots in Moscow detained
TASS, 10/08/2019: Over 130 people detained for taking part in unauthorized rally in downtown Moscow
The Guardian, 10/08/2019: Thousands march in Moscow demanding open city elections
Deutsche Welle, 10/08/2019: Moscow protests pressuring Vladimir Putin find female standard-bearer
France24, 10/08/2019: Thousands defy crackdown in Moscow's biggest protest for years
Euronews, 10/08/2019: Russian police arrest dozens at opposition protests
BBC News, 10/08/2019: Moscow protests: Opposition rally 'largest since 2011'
The Guardian, 11/08/2019: Russia accuses YouTube of interfering in its sovereign affairs
Deutsche Welle, 11/08/2019: Russia demands Google take action over protest videos
Reuters, 11/08/2019: Russia tells Google not to advertise 'illegal' events after election protests
Deutsche Welle, 13/08/2019: Moscow court reverses Sergei Mitrokhin election ban
RFE/RL, 21/08/2019: Putin Says Moscow Protests Part Of 'Preelection Tensions,’ Defends Detentions
The Moscow Times, 21/08/2019: Russian Officials Condemn Police Violence During Moscow Protests
Euronews, 23/08/2019: Russian opposition activist Alexey Navalny is released from prison
Euronews, 31/08/2019: Thousands defy protest ban in Moscow and march against Putin's government
RFE/RL, 31/08/2019: Thousands March In Moscow Protest Defying Authorities
The Moscow Times, 31/08/2019: Trying to Maintain Momentum as Election Approaches, Moscow Protests Again

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