NATO's 2022 Strategic Concept was adopted by the Heads of State or Government attending a summit of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation held in Madrid (Spain) on 29 June 2022.
The Strategic Compass defines the security challenges facing the defence alliance and outlines the political and military tasks that NATO plans to carry out to address them. It is a key document for the organization. It reaffirms NATO's values and purpose, and provides a collective assessment of the security environment. It also drives NATO's strategic adaptation and guides its future political and military document. This document is reviewed and updated regularly, and the previous Strategic Concept was adopted at the NATO Lisbon Summit in 2010.
The key elements of this Strategic Concept include the following:
- The Alliance's key purpose and greatest responsibility is to ensure the collective defence of Allies. Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty remains the bedrock of Allied collective defence;
- NATO’s three core tasks are deterrence and defence; crisis prevention and management; and cooperative security;
- Russia poses the most significant and direct threat to Allies' security, terrorism is an asymmetric threat to the security of citizens and international peace, and China stated ambitions and policies challenge the Alliance's interests, security and values;
- NATO will continue to adapt and develop, politically and militarily, to meet the challenges of a more unpredictable and competitive world;
- The Alliance is based on the enduring transatlantic bond between Europe and North America. NATO remains the unique, essential and indispensable transatlantic forum to consult, coordinate and act on all matters related to Allies’ security.
- Commentary and Analysis
International Centre for Defence and Security (ICDS): Analysis, 30/07/2021: NATO’s New Strategic Concept. Balancing Responses to Multiple Threats.
Elcano Royal Institute: Analyses, 17/12/2021: One Plus Four: what NATO’s new Strategic Concept should say, and how to achieve it
Elcano Royal Institute: Analyses, 17/01/2022: NATO gets an update: the Madrid Strategic Concept
German Council on Foreign Relations (DGAP): Reports, 31/01/2022: NATO’s 2030 Reflection Process and the New Strategic Concept
German Marshall Fund of the US (GMFUS): Policy Insight, 03/02/2022: The TAG NATO Shadow Strategic Concept 2022: Preserving Peace, Protecting People
Group d'Études Géopolitiques (GEG): Article, 31/05/2022: A New Strategic Concept for NATO
Martens Centre: Policy Brief, 15/06/2022: NATO’s New Strategic Concept: What Should We Expect?
Atlantic Council: Commentary, 16/06/2022: Visualizing the NATO Strategic Concept: Five ways to look at the Alliance’s future
UK Parliament: House of Commons Library: Research Briefing No 9573, 17/06/2022: NATO’s Strategic Concept
Brookings Institution: Policy Analysis, 24/06/2022: Strategic responsibility: Rebalancing European and trans-Atlantic defense
Bloomberg: Opinion, 27/06/2022: What to Expect From NATO’s New Strategic Concept
Centre for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS): Analysis, 28/06/2022: Resetting NATO’s Defense and Deterrence: The Sword and the Shield Redux
Wilson Center: Article, 29/06/2022: NATO unveils new Strategic Concept at Madrid Summit
Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI): Policy Brief, 29/06/2022: NATO’s 2022 Strategic Concept – Change, Continuity and Implications
EurActiv: Opinion, 29/06/2022: NATO Strategic Concept: The potential for sustainable defence innovation
International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS): Analysis, 30/06/2022: The new NATO Strategic Concept and the end of arms control
Atlantic Council: Blog, 30/06/2022: Our experts decipher NATO’s new Strategic Concept
Royal United Services Institute (RUSI): Commentary, 01/07/2022: New Concepts but Old Problems: NATO’s New Strategic Concept
Politico, 29/06/2022: NATO leaders brand Russia a ‘direct threat’ in new strategy blueprint
VOA News, 29/06/2022: NATO Leaders Hold Final Day of Summit
The Guardian, 30/06/2022: Beijing hits out at Nato strategy for ‘malicious attack’ on China
Official Website of NATO Strategic Concept
NATO: Topics: Strategic Concepts
NATO Parliamentary Assembly: Contribution to NATO's New Strategic Concept
German Federal Ministry of Defence: News, 23/11/2021: A new strategic concept for NATO: the Alliance in 2030
Polish Government: News, 13/12/2021: Poland's input into NATO’s next Strategic Concept
US Department of Defense: News, 01/06/2022: Russia Forcing Changes to NATO Strategic Concepts
NATO: News, 29/06/2022: NATO leaders approve new Strategic Concept
US: The White House: Briefing Room: Fact Sheet, 29/06/2022: The 2022 NATO Summit in Madrid
German Federal Foreign Office: Article, 30/06/2022: NATO’s new Strategic Concept