Negotiations between European Union and Mercosur on Association Agreement

Author Details
Author (Corporate)
Publication Date 1999-
Content Type


Reports, analyses and information on the negotiations undertaken between the European Union (EU) and Mercosur (or Mercosul) to conclude a trade agreement between the two regional markets.

Further information:

The Association Agreement (AA) between Southern Common Market (Mercosur) and the European Union is composed of a political and cooperation pillar, as well as a trade pillar. The negotiations for such an agreement began in June 2000 with the objective of achieving a greater level of political and economic cooperation and integrayion within the Mercosur and with the EU. The negotiations experienced different stages.

In 2004, the EU and Mercosur held intensive negotiations aimed at concluding trade talks by the end of October. However, a ministerial meeting held on 31 October concluded that the negotiations required more time. The suspension of the negotiations followed an exchange of market offers, which revealed substantial differences concerning the level of liberalisation of trade in agricultural goods, services and public procurement markets. Trade talks resumed between 2010 and 2012. In May 2016, the two regional markets rel-aunched the negotiation process yet again, exchanged new market access offers and intensified the pace of negotiations by holding negotiation rounds and meeting at regular intervals.

A political agreement was reached on 28 June 2019 as regards a trade agreement. The trade deal envisages the removal of the majority of tariffs on EU exports to Mercosur.

Deforestation and wildfires affecting the Amazon forest - blamed on carelessness by some South American countries - brought into question the willingness by some EU member states to ratify the agreement, raising concerns over the length of the ratification process.


[This entry is a work in a progress, subject to further development]

Related Links
Commentary and Analysis
EurActiv, 24/07/2014: Analyst: Agriculture remains an obstacle to EU-Mercosur pact
Elcano Royal Institute: Expert Comment, 31/01/2017: EU-Mercosur: tapping the Atlantic’s potential
LSE Consulting: Sustainability Impact Assessment in support of association agreement negotiations between the European Union and Mercosur [Inception Report - January 2018]
Deutsche Welle, 28/06/2019: Mercosur-EU trade deal faces criticism
Deutsche Welle, 29/06/2019: EU-Mercosur free trade deal — What you need to know
Euro|topics, July 2019: EU and South America clinch free trade deal
EurActiv, 02/07/2019: EU farmers boss: ‘Devastating’ Mercosur trade pact exposes Europe’s double standards
Deutsche Welle, 16/07/2019: The winners and losers of the EU-MERCOSUR trade deal
The Economist, 25/07/2019: Latin America and Europe have much to gain from closer ties
EurActiv, 25/07/2019: Is the EU-Mercosur deal being highjacked by premature criticism?
EPRS: Briefing, August 2019: International Agreements in Progress: The trade pillar of the EU-Mercosur Association Agreement
Human Rights Watch: News, 06/07/2020: Letter to the European Union on the EU-Mercosur Deal
IDDRI: Blog, 09/09/2020: The EU-Mercosur trade agreement: can a trade treaty be greened?
openDemocracy: Can Europe Make It?, 23/09/2020: Time is ticking to stop the EU-Mercosur trade deal
EPRS: At a Glance, October 2020: Amazon deforestation and EU-Mercosur deal

European Voice, 22/07/1998: Marín side-steps bid to block Mercosur talks
EurActiv, 16/06/2014: Merkel wants hurdles removed to EU-Mercosur free trade pact
Deutsche Welle, 16/06/2014: Rousseff, Merkel seek progress toward EU-Mercosur free trade deal
EurActiv, 23/02/2016: Mercosur makes EU free trade offer before French visit
EurActiv, 13/05/2016: Farmers: Mercosur deal will hit EU agricultural exports ‘tremendously’
EurActiv, 21/04/2017: EU and Mercosur ‘committed’ to reach deal by end of year
Reuters, 28/06/2019: EU, Mercosur strike trade pact, defying protectionist wave
BBC News, 28/06/2019: EU and Mercosur agree huge trade deal after 20-year talks
Reuters, 30/06/2019: Brazil president says EU-Mercosur deal to come into force in up to three years
The Irish Times, 30/06/2019: EU’s Mercosur deal ‘very disappointing for Irish beef sector’ – Creed
RTÉ News, 30/06/2019: Ireland will vote against Mercosur deal if risks outweigh benefits - Taoiseach
RTL Today, 01/07/2019: EU, S. America trade deal a 'dark moment' for farmers
Politico, 11/07/2019: Irish parliament rejects EU-Mercosur deal in symbolic vote
RTÉ News, 11/07/2019: Govt defeated as Dáil votes to reject EU-Mercosur trade deal
EurActiv, 12/07/2019: Irish parliament calls on government to thwart EU-Mercosur deal
Reuters, 15/07/2019: Italian farmers oppose EU-Mercosur trade deal: Italy's agriculture minister
EurActiv, 16/07/2019: EU farm chief struggles to dispel concerns over Mercosur trade deal
EUObserver, 24/07/2019: Commission defends Mercosur trade deal
Reuters, 16/08/2019: Deforestation in Brazil, vote in Argentina endanger EU-Mercosur pact
EurActiv, 23/08/2019: France and Ireland threaten to vote against EU-Mercosur deal
BBC News, 23/08/2019: Amazon fires: Brazil threatened over EU trade deal
The Local (Spain), 25/08/2019: Spain opposed to blocking EU-Mercosur trade pact: government
Reuters, 27/08/2019: Brazil official says EU-Mercosur trade pact still under review, 01/09/2019: Economics minister defends Mercosur deal and casts doubt on EU deal before next year
BBC News, 19/09/2019: Austria blocks EU-Mercosur trade deal with South America
Deutsche Welle, 19/09/2019: Austria deals first blow to EU-Mercosur trade pact
The Guardian, 19/09/2019: Austria rejects EU-Mercosur trade deal over Amazon fires
Bloomberg, 05/12/2019: Implement EU-Mercosur Trade Deal Swiftly, Says Bolsonaro
EurActiv, 01/07/2020: EU-Mercosur agreement to be signed by end of year, Mercosur presidency hopes
MercoPress, 22/09/2020: EU conditions ratification of trade deal with Mercosur: France and Germany lead objections
France24, 23/09/2020: Brazil rejects deforestation concerns on EU-Mercosur deal
RTL Today, 28/09/2020: Luxembourg opposes the draft EU-Mercosur agreement
Reuters, 13/10/2020: Brazil keen to show EU-Mercosur accord still has support in Europe

European Commission: DG Trade: EU-Mercosur Association Agreement
EP: Legislative Train: EU-Mercosur Association Agreement
European Commission: DG Trade: News, 27/03/2017: Joint EU-Mercosur Communiqué Following the 27th Round of Negotiations
European Commission: DG Trade: Report of the XXVII negotiation round on the trade part of the EU-Mercosur Association Agreement [March 2017]
European Commission: Press Release, 28/06/2019: EU and Mercosur reach agreement on trade
European Commission: Remarks by President Juncker at the joint press conference with President Macri in the presence of EU and Mercosur leaders, 29 June 2019

Subject Categories ,
Subject Tags
Keywords ,
International Organisations ,