Negotiations between the European Union and the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Group of States on a post-2020 ACP-EU Partnership

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Publication Date 2018-
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Reports and analyses on the negotiations undertaken between the European Union (EU) and the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries towards setting up a Partnership Agreement for the period after 2020.

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Relations between the EU and the ACP countries date back to before 1975 and the first Lomé Convention. Successive partnership agreements have shaped the relationship throughout the decade. The existing ACP-EU Partnership Agreement (CPA) was signed in 2000 in Cotonou - hence the name 'Cotonou Agreement'. This CPA established that negotiations must open 18 months before its expiration in 2020.

The European Commisison published a Recommendation in December 2017 in support of an umbrella agreement defining common values and interests and three distinct tailor-made protocols with the three regions. The Recommendation was adopted by the Council of the European Union in June 2018. A month earlier, the ACP Council of Ministers adopted its own negotiating position.

The first round of negotiations was launched in October 2018 and were concluded on 14 December. A second round took place in January 2019. On 4 April, negotiators launched the talks for the three regional protocols. In May 2019, negotiators announced their willingness to set transitional measures should a new agreement no be concluded by February 2020. On 28 September 2019, negotiators reached an agreement on the economic priorities of the agreement.

Related Link(s)
Commentary and Analysis
EPRS: Briefing, April 2018: Initial Appraisal of a European Commission Impact Assessment
EurActiv, 03/10/18: ACP-EU negotiations: Taking the road to prosperity together
EPRS: Briefing, July 2019: Accords internationaux en marche: Le futur partenariat de l’UE avec les pays d’Afrique, des Caraïbes et du Pacifique (post-Cotonou)

Deutsche Welle, 23/10/2018: EU begins tricky negotiations with developing states
EurActiv, 17/05/2019: EU-ACP Cotonou successor faces one year delay

Council of the European Union: Timeline: steps towards a new EU-ACP partnership after 2020
EP: Legislative Train: Post-Cotonou: negotiations for a renewed partnership with the countries of Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific
ACP Council of Ministers: ACP negotiating mandate for a post–Cotonou partnership agreement with the European Union, May 2018
European Commission: Press Release, 26/02/2019: New ACP-EU Partnership: EU and Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific Leaders intensify the regional talks in Samoa
European Commission: Fact Sheet, 26/02/2019: EU and Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific Leaders intensify the regional talks in Samoa [Q&A]
European Commission: Press Release, 15/04/2019: New ACP-EU partnership: EU discusses future EU-Caribbean relations
European Commission: Press Release, 03/05/2019: New ACP-EU Partnership: Chief negotiators conclude successful series of regional consultations, culminating with African leaders' meeting
European Commission: Press Release, 23/05/2019: New ACP-EU Partnership: Chief negotiators assess progress made and move talks on to next stage
European Commission: Press Relese, 28/09/2019: New Africa, Caribbean, and Pacific - European Union Partnership: Chief negotiators agree on economic priorities for future agreement
European Commission: Memo, 28/09/2019: Questions and answers: New ACP-EU Partnership after 2020

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