Northern Europe’s Strategic Challenge from Russia: What Political and Military Responses?

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Series Details Number 111
Publication Date October 2018
ISBN 978-2-36567-930-5
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The return of more conflictual relations between Russia and the West following Russia’s intervention in Eastern Ukraine and its annexation of Crimea has led to a deterioration in the strategic environment for Northern European countries, particularly in the region of the Baltic Sea and the Arctic.

In Nordic capitals, this climate of tension is perceived as the “new normal” to which one must adapt by implementing an effective strategy of deterrence. This adaptation is taking place as much on a national scale, at the level of defence policies and doctrines, as in bilateral and multilateral settings, principally transatlantic and in a NATO context.

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