Poland revives German war reparations demand

Series Title
Series Details 03.08.17
Publication Date 04/08/2017
Content Type

Background and further information:

The former Communist regime in Poland waived claims from Germany due to World War II in 1953. The country's defence minister Antoni Macierewicz stated that such commitment was invalid because it had been made by a 'Soviet puppet state'.

Germany reacted to the news by stating that the subject of Second World War claims was closed. While recognising that the country was morally, politically and financially responsible for events from the past, a spokesperson insisted that the issue of reparations was already regulated by law and policy and highlighted that Germany had already made significant reparations for general war damage, including to Poland.

The discussion was revived in the context of the 73rd anniversary of the 1944 Warsaw uprising, a 63-day campaign by Polish resistance fighters to drive Nazi forces from the country's capital, after which hundreds of thousands of citizens were slain in mass executions by the occupation authorities.
Features reporting on Poland's intention in 2017 to revisit its claim to reparations from Germany for damages during the Second World War. A legal analysis was commissioned by PiS leader Jaroslaw Kaczynski and undertaken by a Commission of the lower house of the Polish Parliament in August 2017.

Polish Prime Minister Beata Szydlo said on the 31 August 2017 that by seeking reparations Poland would be asking for justice.

However, an independent panel of experts to the Bundestag (German politics) stated that due to earlier legal developments Poland did not have any rights to claim reparations.

The Polish parliament research service issued a report on the 11 September 2017 which said 'It is legitimate to claim that the Republic of Poland is entitled to compensation claims against the Federal Republic of Germany, and the contention that those claims have expired is unfounded'.

Piotr Buras, Head of think tank ECFR's Warsaw office, said 'The return of the reparations debacle reveals how Poland’s international relations have been infected by PiS’ primitive approach to morality, history and sovereignty'.

Source Link https://www.euractiv.com/section/justice-home-affairs/news/poland-revives-german-war-reparations-demand/
Related Links
Euro|Topics: Debates, August-September 2017: Polish demands for war reparations from Germany? / Should Germany pay war reparations to Poland? http://www.eurotopics.net/en/183799/polish-demands-for-war-reparations-from-germany
Deutsche Welle, 04.08.17: For Berlin, the question of Polish reparations was settled long ago http://p.dw.com/p/2higy
Radio Poland, 07.08.17: Polish MP says Germany should pay PLN 1.5 trillion in war reparations http://www.thenews.pl/1/10/Artykul/319762,Polish-MP-says-Germany-should-pay-PLN-15-trillion-in-war-reparations
Radio Poland: Tag: Polish-German relations http://www.thenews.pl/1/3/Tematy/97368
Politico, 23.08.17: Warsaw revives call for German WWII reparations http://www.politico.eu/article/warsaw-revives-call-for-german-wwii-reparations/
EUObserver, 03.08.17: WWII: Poland to open new front in EU clash https://euobserver.com/beyond-brussels/138678
Radio Poland, 02.08.17: MP wants WWII reparations for Poland from Germany http://www.thenews.pl/1/10/Artykul/319068,MP-wants-WWII-reparations-for-Poland-from-Germany
Sputnik International, 03.08.17: With or Without Merit? Poland Not Alone in Seeking Reparations for Nazi Actions https://sptnkne.ws/fdfb
RT, 03.08.17: Poland to seek WWII reparations from Germany https://www.rt.com/news/398434-poland-wwii-reparations-germany/
Radio Poland, 01.08.17: Warsaw remembers WWII uprising http://www.thenews.pl/1/9/Artykul/318869,Warsaw-remembers-WWII-uprising
BBC News, 31.07.17: Russia warns Poland not to touch Soviet WW2 memorials http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-40775355
Deutsche Welle, 03.08.17: [Opinion] Reparations for Poland - Kaczynski's latest diversion http://p.dw.com/p/2hfFs
EurActiv, 01.09.17: Report: German legal experts say Poland has no right to WW2 reparations http://www.euractiv.com/section/justice-home-affairs/news/report-german-legal-experts-say-poland-has-no-right-to-ww2-reparations/
Carnegie Europe: Strategic Europe, 12.09.17: Poland, Brexit, and the Curse of History http://carnegieeurope.eu/strategiceurope/73071?lang=en
Politico, 11-12.09.17: Poland could seek war reparations from Germany, say parliament researchers http://www.politico.eu/article/poland-could-seek-war-reparations-from-germany-say-parliament-researchers/
Deutsche Welle, 08.09.17: Berlin dismisses Polish demands for World War II reparations http://p.dw.com/p/2jbEK
Radio Poland, 11.09.17: Study finds Poland entitled to war reparations from Germany: report http://www.thenews.pl/1/2/Artykul/325042,Study-finds-Poland-entitled-to-war-reparations-from-Germany-report
ECFR: Commentary, 24.08.17: Reparations and the crisis of Poland’s foreign policy http://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_reparations_and_the_crisis_of_polands_foreign_policy_7224
Radio Poland, 29.08.17: No decision yet on seeking WWII reparations: Polish PM http://www.thenews.pl/1/10/Artykul/323127,No-decision-yet-on-seeking-WWII-reparations-Polish-PM
Radio Poland, 29.08.17: We can’t hold our tongue over rule of law concerns in Poland: Merkel http://www.thenews.pl/1/10/Artykul/323065,We-can%E2%80%99t-hold-our-tongue-over-rule-of-law-concerns-in-Poland-Merkel
Deutsche Welle, 31.08.17: Poland has no right to WWII reparations, German lawyers say http://p.dw.com/p/2jB4G
Chatham House: Expert Comment, 21.11.17: Abandoning the Eastern Partnership Would Be a Terrible Act of Self-Harm for Poland https://www.chathamhouse.org/expert/comment/abandoning-eastern-partnership-would-be-terrible-act-self-harm-poland
Radio Poland, 23.11.17: Most Poles say country should seek war reparations from Germany http://www.thenews.pl/1/9/Artykul/336410,Most-Poles-say-country-should-seek-war-reparations-from-Germany
Reuters, 11.11.17: German war reparations 'matter of honor' for Poland https://www.reuters.com/article/us-poland-germany-reparations/german-war-reparations-matter-of-honor-for-poland-idUSKBN1DB0SF

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