|Author (Person)||Cîrlig, Carmen-Cristina|
|Author (Corporate)||European Parliament: European Parliamentary Research Service|
|Publisher||European Parliament: European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), European Union|
|Series Title||EPRS Briefings|
|Series Details||PE 679.072|
|Publication Date||February 2021|
|Content Type||Research Paper|
National parliaments organise their security in a variety of ways. Whereas in some cases the principles of separation of powers or of parliamentary autonomy prevent police forces from entering parliamentary premises − meaning that these legislative chambers rely on in-house security services – in others the security of parliaments is ensured exclusively by the police or other state forces with responsibilities in the area of security, defence or civil protection. Other national parliaments exhibit a mixed model, whereby parliamentary security departments are supplemented by national police or military units.
This briefing provides an overview of the structures responsible for maintaining security and order in and around the parliaments of 11 EU Member States, namely Belgium, Germany, Spain, Estonia, France, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia and Finland, and also 3 non-EU countries − Canada, the United Kingdom (UK) and the United States (US). It focuses on the competences and tasks assigned to the services responsible for the security of each national parliament and highlights modes of cooperation with other external state forces. Furthermore, the briefing indicates, for each parliament, the ultimate authority in charge of the services responsible for maintaining order and security on and off the premises.
|Subject Categories||Security and Defence|
|Subject Tags||National Parliaments|
|Keywords||Public Order Policing
|Countries / Regions||Belgium, Canada, Estonia, Finland, France, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Spain, United Kingdom, United States|