|Author (Corporate)||Council of the European Union|
|Series Title||Official Journal of the European Union|
|Series Details||L 185, Pages 1-22|
|Content Type||Legislation, News, Policy-making|
Regulation (EU) 2021/836 - formally adopted by the co-legislators on 26 May 2021 - introducing a number of changes to Decision No 1313/2013/EU on the Union Civil Protection Mechanism (UCPM). This is a text with EEA relevance.
The EU's Civil Protection Mechanism is the tool used by the European Union to support, coordinate and supplement the action of Member States in the field of civil protection to prevent, prepare for and respond to natural and man-made disasters within and outside the EU. Its financial envelope for the period 2014-2020 was set out by Decision No 1313/2013/EU.
The existing UCPM framework relies entirely on Member States' resources. This system of mutual support failed once most or all of them were affected by the same emergency. In other words, the pandemic showed the need for better EU preparedness for future large-scale emergencies, and proved the limitations of the existing framework. The mechanism requires more flexibility and autonomy to act at an EU level, in situations when overwhelmed Member States cannot do so.
The original proposal was tabled by the European Commission on 7 March 2019, in the framework of the wider package of the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) for 2021-2027. The Commission put forward a revised draft law on 2 June 2020, aligning it to the Recovery Plan for Europe and the revised proposals for the MFF 2021-2027, both a result of the impact caused by the COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic. The revised text was built on progress already achieved by the co-legislators in the previous version.
The plenary of the European Parliament adopted a negotiating position on 16 September 2020. The Council of the European Union adopted a (partial) approach on 7 October. These positions were later informed by an agreement at political level regarding the overall MFF. An informal agreement between the co-legislators on a compromise text was reached on 8 February 2021. This text was endorsed by the Parliament on 27 April, followed by the Council on 10 May. The Act was signed by the co-legislators on 20 May 2021 and published in the Official Journal on 26 May.
|Subject Categories||Politics and International Relations|
|Subject Tags||Civil Protection, Multiannual Financial Framework [MFF], Risk | Crisis Management|
|Keywords||COVID-19 (Coronavirus), EU Civil Protection Mechanism, MFF 2021-2027
|International Organisations||European Union [EU]|