Proposal for a Directive on copyright in the Digital Single Market

Author (Corporate)
Series Details COM (2016) 593
Publication Date 14/09/2016
Content Type

Summary:

Legislative proposal adopted by the European Commission on 14 September 2016 aimed at modernising the copyright rules across the European Union by taking into account the increasing digital and cross-border uses of protected content.

Further information:

This proposal provides for measures aiming at improving the position of rightholders to negotiate and be remunerated for the exploitation of their content by online services giving access to user-uploaded content. It features a new right for press publishers aiming at facilitating online licensing of their publications, the recoupment of their investment and the enforcement of their rights. It also addresses existing legal uncertainty as regards the possibility for all publishers to receive a share in the compensation for uses of works under an exception. Finally, the proposal includes measures that aim to improve transparency and better balanced contractual relationships between authors and performers and those to whom they assign their rights.

The Digital Single Market strategy of May 2015 identified the need 'to reduce the differences between national copyright regimes and allow for wider online access to works by users across the EU'. This was followed by a Communication adopted in December 2015, which outlines targeted actions and a long-term vision to modernise EU copyright rules. The proposed Directive is one of the measures aimed at addressing issues identified in that Communication. The draft law was put forward as part of a package of initiatives for the modernisation of copyright rules.

The Council of the European Union reached an agreement on a common position in May 2018, after almost two years of discussion. The European Parliament's relevant committee initially approved a position concerning this proposal in June 2018, but the plenary session rejected the mandate to launch trilogue negotiations a month later. In September 2018, the plenary eventually approved a revised negotiating position. The first round of negotiations between the institutions was held in October 2018 and an informal agreement between the institutions on a compromise text was reached on 13 February 2019.

The proposal sparked criticism and intense debate across society in the European Union, including strong positions from the big online platforms against the proposed Directive.

Source Link http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/HIS/?uri=COM:2016:593:FIN
Related Link(s)
Commentary and Analysis
EPRS: Briefing, July 2018: Copyright in the digital single market http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/document.html?reference=EPRS_BRI(2016)593564
EPRS: At a Glance, September 2018: Copyright in the digital single market http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/document.html?reference=EPRS_ATA(2018)625165
The Conversation, 03.07.18: Why the incoming EU copyright law will undermine the free internet https://theconversation.com/why-the-incoming-eu-copyright-law-will-undermine-the-free-internet-99247
openDemocracy: Digital Liberties, 20.03.17: The link tax threatens the internet as we know it https://www.opendemocracy.net/digitaliberties/david-elston/link-tax-eu-copyright-directive-will-break-internet-as-we-know-it
Wikipedia: Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Directive_on_Copyright_in_the_Digital_Single_Market
OCCRP: Press Release, 12.09.18: Europe Should Protect Independent Media in Copyright Reform https://www.occrp.org/en/62-press-releases/8572-europe-should-protect-independent-media-in-copyright-reform
The Guardian, 13.09.18: In punishing tech giants, the EU has made the internet worse for everyone https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/sep/13/tech-giants-eu-internet-searches-copyright-law
EurActiv, 14.01.19: Updating copyright rules for news: There’s a better way https://www.euractiv.com/section/media4eu/opinion/updating-copyright-rules-for-news-theres-a-better-way/
BBC News, 05.07.18: Europe's copyright plan: Why was it so controversial? https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-44722406
Google: Blog, 06.12.18: Proposed copyright rules: bad for small publishers, European consumers and online services https://www.blog.google/around-the-globe/google-europe/proposed-copyright-rules-bad-small-publishers-european-consumers-and-online-services/
Youtube: 'Save Your Internet' Campaign https://www.youtube.com/saveyourinternet/
The Verge, 13.09.18: Everything you need to know about Europe’s new copyright directive https://www.theverge.com/2018/9/13/17854158/eu-copyright-directive-article-13-11-internet-censorship-google
CREATe: EU Copyright Reform https://www.create.ac.uk/policy-responses/eu-copyright-reform/
European University Association: News, 13.09.18: EU Copyright Reform: European Parliament vote is a missed opportunity to bolster R&I https://eua.eu/news/150:eu-copyright-reform-european-parliament-vote-is-a-missed-opportunity-to-bolster-r-i.html
Coporate Europe Observatory, 10.12.18: Copyright Directive: how competing big business lobbies drowned out critical voices https://corporateeurope.org/power-lobbies/2018/12/copyright-directive-how-competing-big-business-lobbies-drowned-out-critical
Euro|topics, February 2019: Copyright: EU ushers in new online era https://www.eurotopics.net/en/214940/

News
The Guardian, 20.06.18: EU votes for copyright law that would make internet a 'tool for control' https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/jun/20/eu-votes-for-copyright-law-that-would-make-internet-a-tool-for-control
The Guardian, 05.07.18: YouTube and Facebook escape billions in copyright payouts after EU vote https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/jul/05/youtube-could-escape-billions-in-copyright-payouts-after-eu-vote
The Economist, 13.09.18: A controversial new copyright law moves a step closer to approval https://www.economist.com/business/2018/09/13/a-controversial-new-copyright-law-moves-a-step-closer-to-approval
Politico, 12.09.18: European Parliament backs copyright reform, dealing blow to tech giants https://www.politico.eu/article/european-parliament-axel-voss-backs-copyright-reform-against-tech-giants-google-facebook/
Reuters, 12.09.18: EU lawmakers back publishers over tech giants on copyright https://uk.reuters.com/article/idUKKCN1LS1QU
Politico, 12.09.18: Europe’s copyright reforms are all about the money https://www.politico.eu/article/europe-copyright-european-parliament-voss-google-facebook/
Politico, 12.12.18: Google’s last stand on copyright https://www.politico.eu/article/google-last-stand-copyright-rules-silicon-valley-eu-fight/
ERR News, 12.09.18: European Parliament approves copyright law proposed by Estonia's Ansip https://news.err.ee/860853/european-parliament-approves-copyright-law-proposed-by-estonia-s-ansip
EurActiv, 21.01.19: Copyright directive faces further setback as final trilogue postponed https://www.euractiv.com/section/digital/news/copyright-directive-faces-further-setback-as-final-trilogue-cancelled/
Deutsche Welle, 09.02.19: EU states agree on copyright reform compromise https://p.dw.com/p/3D3Dv
Politico, 13.02.19: Europe revamps copyright rules to help creative industries face tech giants https://www.politico.eu/article/copyright-google-facebook-europe-revamps-rules-to-help-creative-industries-face-tech-giants/
Reuters, 13.02.19: EU clinches copyright overhaul deal, tech giants in focus https://www.reuters.com/article/idUSKCN1Q22P4
EurActiv, 14.02.19: Deal struck on copyright reform after ‘intense’ negotiations https://www.euractiv.com/section/copyright/news/deal-struck-on-copyright-reform-after-intense-negotiations/
Deutsche Welle, 14.02.19: EU targets tech giants with new copyright deal for digital age https://p.dw.com/p/3DLrT

Official
EUR-Lex: SWD(2016)301: Impact assessment on the modernisation of EU copyright rules http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=SWD:2016:301:FIN
EUR-Lex: SWD(2016)302: Executive summary of the impact assessment on the modernisation of EU copyright rules http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=SWD:2016:302:FIN
EP: Legislative Train: Modernisation of European copyright rules: directive on copyright in the digital single market http://www.europarl.europa.eu/legislative-train/theme-connected-digital-single-market/file-jd-directive-on-copyright-in-the-digital-single-market
European Parliament: Legislative Observatory: Procedure File on Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on copyright in the Digital Single Market http://www.europarl.europa.eu/oeil-mobile/fiche-procedure/2016/0280(COD)
European Parliament: Press Release, 12.09.18: Parliament adopts its position on digital copyright rules http://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/press-room/20180906IPR12103/
European Commission: Joint statement by Vice-President Ansip and Commissioner Gabriel on the European Parliament's vote to start negotiations on modern copyright rules http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_STATEMENT-18-5761_en.htm
European Parliament: Press Release, 11.01.19: Q and A on the draft digital copyright directive http://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/press-room/20190111IPR23225/
Council of the European Union: Press Release, 13.02.19: EU copyright rules adjusted to the digital age https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2019/02/13/eu-copyright-rules-adjusted-to-the-digital-age/
European Commission: Q&A: EU negotiators reach a breakthrough to modernise copyright rules, 13 February 2019 http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_MEMO-19-1151_en.htm
European Parliament: Press Release, 13.02.19: Agreement reached on digital copyright rules http://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/press-room/20190212IPR26152/
European Commission: Press Release, 13.02.19: Digital Single Market: EU negotiators reach a breakthrough to modernise copyright rules http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-19-528_en.htm

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