Directive (EU) 2022/2041 on adequate minimum wages in the European Union

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Series Details L 275, Pages 33-47
Publication Date 25/10/2022
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Directive (EU) 2022/2041 - formally adopted by the co-legislators on 19 October 2022 - establishing a framework to improve the adequacy of minimum wages and the access of workers to minimum wage protection in the European Union (EU).

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This Directive establishes a framework for adequacy of statutory minimum wages with the aim of achieving decent living and working condition, for promoting collective bargaining on wage-setting, and for enhancing access of workers to rights to minimum wage protection where provided for in national law and/or collective agreements.

The Act originated in November 2017, when the European Union (EU) proclaimed the European Pillar of Social Rights (EPSR). On of the items under the EPSR calls for adequate minimum wages as well as for transparent and predictable wage setting to be put in place, according to national practices and respecting the autonomy of social partners. The Strategic Agenda for 2019-2024 called for the implementation of the EPSR at EU and national level. The Political Guidelines for the mandate 2019-2024 of the European Commission included the publication of an Action Plan aimed at implementing the EPSR, which was later released in January 2020. At the State of the Union address in September 2020, the President of the Commission again pledged to present a legal instrument to ensure that workers in the EU have a fair minimum wage.

The plenary of the European Parliament adopted a negotiating position on 25 November 2021. The Council of the European Union adopted a general approach on 6 December. An informal agreement between the co-legislators on a compromise text for this file was reached on 7 June 2022. This was formally endorsed by the Parliament on 14 September, and by the Council on 4 October. The Act was signed by the co-legislators on 19 October 2022, and published in the Official Journal on 25 October 2022.

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Commentary and Analysis
Confederation of Finnish Industries: News, 29/10/2020: The Commission’s minimum wage proposal goes beyond the EU’s competence
ETUI: News, 02/11/2020: Minimum wage directive, not the silver bullet for all workers in the EU
EU Law Analysis, 05/11/2020: The proposal on adequate minimum wages in the European Union: Striving for fairness, less so adequacy
Social Europe, 10/11/2020: Minimum-wage directive: yes, but …
Institut Jacques Delors: Publications, 18/11/2020: A move towards adequate minimum wages in the European Union?
European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS: At a Glance, 24/11/2020: The Proposed Minimum Wage Directive
Nordic Labour Journal: In Focus 2021: The battle over statutory minimum wages
European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS): Briefing, 19/01/2021: Adequate minimum wages - Initial Appraisal of a European Commission Impact Assessment
EurActiv: Opinion, 02/03/2021: Adequate Minimum Wages proposal – an attack on collective bargaining
IPS Journal: European Integration, 04/03/2021: Behind Europe’s ‘iron wage curtain’
Social Europe, 08/04/2021: Minimum-wages directive: it’s legal
ETUC: Press Release, 22/04/2021: Minimum Wage Directive improvements: the least working people deserve
Hungary Today, 16/05/2021: EU Minimum Wage Policy – Would Hungary Benefit or Lose if Implemented?
Social Europe, 13/07/2021: A minimum-wage directive could undermine the Nordic model
Social Europe, 13/09/2021: Minimum-wage directive: the case for a ‘social partners option’
European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC): Press Release, 27/09/2021: EU must follow Germany on minimum wages
European Confederation of Independent Trade Unions (CESI), 13/10/2021: Minimum wages: CESI calls for ambitious and balanced EU minimum wage framework
The Economist: Charlemagne, 13/11/2021: Minimum wage, maximum rage
Social Europe, 26/11/2021: More ambitious European minimum-wages directive demanded
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European Disability Forum (EDF), 01/12/2021: European Parliament agrees to continue work on the Minimum Wage Directive
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EurActiv: Opinion, 18/01/2022: The EU needs to respect different labour market models
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Euronews, 08/06/2022: How do EU member states compare on minimum wage?
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Hertie School: Jacques Delors Centre: Policy Brief, 29/11/2022: The EU directive on fair and adequate minimum wages: Low-pay work, collective bargaining and the prospects for income growth

Reuters, 28/10/2020: EU Commission proposes rules for adequate minimum wage in EU
EurActiv, 28/10/2020: Commission makes it clear: Same minimum wage for all EU countries is impossible
Euronews, 28/10/2020: Sweden opposes Brussels proposal for EU minimum wage guarantee
Bloomberg, 28/10/2020: Denmark Prepares to Fight EU’s Proposal for Minimum Wage
EurActiv, 30/10/2020: No need for a statutory minimum wage, says Finland
Times of Malta, 29/01/2021: Malta joins call on EU for national sovereignty over minimum wage
The Irish Times, 07/02/2021: Coalition concern over EU law on minimum wage and worker rights
RTÉ News, 18/02/2021: Government accused of resisting EU changes to minimum wages
Malta Today, 03/03/2021: Maltese MEPs nuanced over proposed law for an EU minimum wage
Bloomberg, 28/03/2021: EU Risks Alienating Denmark as Wage Dispute Provokes Disbelief
EurActiv, 10/05/2021: France ready to pick up the baton on EU minimum wage proposal
The Local (Denmark), 18/11/2021: Danish parliament rejects EU minimum wage directive
EurActiv, 19/11/2021: Danish and Swedish socialists fight against minimum wage directive
EurActiv, 07/12/2021: EU Council agrees negotiating position on minimum wage directive
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Le Monde, 08/06/2022: European Union finds agreement on minimum wage directive
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Associated Press (AP News), 14/09/2022: EU Parliament adopts new bloc-wide rules on minimum wages
EurActiv, 14/09/2022: EU Parliament approves Minimum Wage Directive
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EurActiv, 04/10/2022: EU minimum wage directive gets final stamp of approval
Times of Malta, 07/10/2022: EU action on minimum wages and social benefits

EUR-LEX: COM(2020)682: Proposal for a Directive on adequate minimum wages in the European Union
EUR-Lex: SWD(2020)245: Staff Working Document accompanying the Proposal - Impact Assessment
EUR-Lex: SWD(2020)246: Staff Working Document accompanying the Proposal - Executive Summary of the Impact Assessment
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European Commission: Opening remarks by Commissioner Schmit at the read-out of the College meeting and press conference on adequate minimum wages (28 October 2020)
PES: News, 28/10/2020: PES welcomes historic EU minimum wages proposal
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Finnish Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment: Press Release, 10/12/2020: Finland supports the aims of EU minimum wage initiative to combat in-work poverty
EFTA: News, 29/01/2021: The EEA EFTA Forum of local and regional authorities discuss Green Deal and minimum wages
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Council of the European Union: Press Release, 06/12/2021: Council agrees on mandate for negotiations on a EU framework on adequate minimum wages
Spanish Government: News, 06/12/2021: Spain leads Europe in advancing the minimum wage directive
European Commission: Press Release, 07/06/2022: Commission welcomes political agreement on adequate minimum wages for workers in the EU
Council of the European Union: Press Release, 07/06/2022: Minimum wages: Council and European Parliament reach provisional agreement on new EU law
European Parliament: Press Release, 07/06/2022: Deal reached on new rules for adequate minimum wages in the EU
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S&D EP Group: Newsroom, 07/06/2022: “Work will pay again,” says S&D MEP Agnes Jongerius on last night’s deal on minimum wages with French EU presidency
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European Parliament: Press Release, 14/09/2022: Parliament adopts new rules on adequate minimum wages for all workers in the EU
European Commission: DG Employment, Social Affairs & Inclusion: News, 04/10/2022: Commission welcomes adoption of Directive on adequate minimum wages
Council of the European Union: Press Release, 04/10/2022: Council adopts EU law on adequate minimum wages

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