Proposal for a Directive on common rules promoting the repair of goods and amending Regulation (EU) 2017/2394, Directives (EU) 2019/771 and (EU) 2020/1828

Author (Corporate)
Series Details COM (2023) 155
Publication Date 22/03/2023
Content Type , ,


Legislative initiative tabled by the European Commission on 22 March 2023, setting out common rules to promote the repair of goods. It also introduces amendments to Regulation (EU) 2017/2394, Directive (EU) 2019/771 and Directive (EU) 2020/1828. This is a text with EEA relevance.

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The premature disposal of reparable goods purchased by consumers leads to an increase in waste, and generate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and more demand for valuable resources in the production of new goods. This problem exists across the European Union (EU) for a wide ranger of these goods.

The European Commission's European Green Deal focuses on the green transition, which comprises sustainable consumption. The outcome of the Conference on the Future of Europe (CoFoE) also included a call for a right to repair. This draft law seeks to deliver on both by increasing the repair and reuse of viable defective goods purchased by consumers within and beyond the legal guarantee.

The proposed Directive was first announced in the New Consumer Agenda and the latest Circular Economy Action Plan. The draft law was adopted by the European Commission on 22 March 2023. The plenary of the European Parliament endorsed a negotiating position on 21 November. The Council of the European Union adopted a general approach on the draft law on 22 November. An informal agreement between the co-legislators on a compromise text for this file was reached on 2 February 2024.

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Commentary and Analysis
Official Website of the Right to Repair Europe coalition
European Environmental Bureau (EEB): News, 22/03/2023: Protecting consumers: new EU laws set to curtail greenwashing and boost repair
European Consumer Organisation (BEUC): Press Release, 22/03/2023: Promising EU plans to tackle greenwashing and promote repair
Linklaters: Insights: ProductLiabilityLinks Blog, 30/03/2023: The EU Commission’s plans for a right to repair
Hogan Lovells: Engage: Knowledge Services: News, 24/04/2023: Repairing the supply chain – the proposed EU Directive on a right to repair
DigitalEurope: Policy Paper, 15/05/2023: ‘Right to Repair’ Directive: a welcome framework to boost repair
European Consumer Organisation (BEUC): Position Paper, 09/06/2023: An EU repair clause - A missing piece of the right to repair
EurActiv: Opinion, 16/06/2023: The right to repair, moving away from theory
FiscalNote: Blog, 07/09/2023: How the EU's Right to Repair Proposal Will Change the Tech Sector
Delft University of Technology (TU Delft): News, 10/10/2023: Europe needs broader approach in ‘Right to Repair’ legislation
BBC Future, 30/10/2023: How the right to repair might change technology
European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS): At a Glance, 15/11/2023: Right to repair: Strengthened consumer rights
European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS): Briefing, 16/11/2023: Right to repair: Strengthened consumer rights
Greens/EFA EP Group: Opinion, 20/11/2023: Revolutionising our throw-away culture: the right to repair is here
European Environmental Bureau (EEB): Press Release, 21/11/2023: Unlocking consumer freedom: EU Parliament votes yes to right to repair
ECR EP Group: News, 21/11/2023: Right to repair will benefit everyone in the EU
European Law Institute: News & Events, 22/11/2023: ELI Welcomes Progress on the Right to Repair at the EU Level
DigitalEurope: Position Paper, 05/12/2023: ‘Right to Repair’ Directive: don’t unravel the Commission proposal
European Environmental Bureau (EEB): Press Release, 02/02/2024: New EU law sets to make repair more affordable for selected products, campaigners push for widespread right to repair

France24, 22/03/2023: EU unveils 'right to repair' rules to cut tech waste
Euronews, 22/03/2023: Brussels wants businesses to offer consumers right to repair
EurActiv, 22/03/2023: EU Commission pitches legislation to boost repair services
Reuters, 22/03/2023: Companies would have to offer repairs for worn-out products for up to 10 years under proposed EU rules
RTÉ News, 21/11/2023: EU Parliament backs new 'right to repair' consumer rules
EurActiv, 22/11/2023: EU Parliament adopts Right to Repair law with broad support

EUR-LEX: SWD(2023)59: Staff Working Document accompanying the Proposal - Impact Assessment Report
EUR-LEX: SWD(2023)60: Staff Working Document accompanying the Proposal - Executive Summary of the Impact Assessment Report
European Parliament: Legislative Observatory: Procedure File for Proposal on Common rules promoting the repair of goods (2023/0083(COD))
European Parliament: Legislative Train Schedule: Proposal for a directive on common rules promoting the repair of goods
European Commission: Consumer contract law: Rules promoting the repair of goods
Green/EFA EP Group: Letter, 16/03/2023: MEPs and organisations address a Letter to Vice-Presidents and Commissioner
European Commission: Press Release, 22/03/2023: Right to repair: Commission introduces new consumer rights for easy and attractive repairs
European Commission: ‘Right to repair': Questions & Answers (22 March 2023)
European Commission: Remarks by Commissioners Reynders and Sinkevičius on measures against misleading environmental claims and on the right to repair (22 March 2023)
S&D EP Group: Newsroom, 22/03/2023: S&Ds welcome EU Commission’s ‘right to repair’ proposal to protect environment and citizens’ money
European Parliament: Press Release, 21/11/2023: New EU rules encouraging consumers to repair devices over replacing them
Council of the European Union: Press Release, 22/11/2023: Circular Economy: Council adopts position on a directive that enshrines consumers’ right to repair
European Parliament: Press Release, 02/02/2024: Deal on strengthening consumers’ right to repair
Council of the European Union: Press Release, 02/02/2024: Circular economy: Council and Parliament strike provisional deal on the right to repair directive
European Commission: Press Release, 02/02/2024: Commission welcomes political agreement on new consumer rights for easy and attractive repairs

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