|Author (Corporate)||Council of the European Union, European Parliament|
|Series Title||Official Journal of the European Union|
|Series Details||L 134, Pages 1-24|
|Content Type||Legislation, Policy-making|
Directive (EU) 2023/977 - adopted by the co-legislators on 10 May 2023 - concerning the exchange of information between the law enforcement authorities of Member States. It also repeals Council Framework Decision 2006/960/JHA
While national authorities operate on the ground, action at EU level and via global partnerships are deemed essential to ensure effective cooperation as well as knowledge exchange among national authorities, supported by a common criminal law framework and effective financial means. Organised crime and terrorism are a clear example of the link between internal and external security - these threats spread across borders.
This Directive establishes harmonised rules for the exchange of information between the competent law enforcement authorities for the purpose of preventive, detecting or investigating criminal offences. It updates and replaces Council Framework Decision 2006/960/JHA. It seeks to address problems concerning the lack of clear and robust common rules on information exchange, lack of common structures and efficient management tools for exchanging information, and lack of common practice in the use of existing communication channels.
The draft law was adopted by the European Commission on 8 December 2021 as part of a legislative package supporting a Police Cooperation Code. The EU Security Union Strategy, the most recent Counter-Terrorism Agenda, and the EU Strategy to tackle Organised Crime 2021-2025 had already highlighted transnational threats and called for a coordinated, more targeted and adapted response. In an area without internal border controls, police officers in one Member State of the European Union (EU) should have equivalent access to the information available to their colleagues in another Member State (subject to the same conditions). They should cooperate effectively and by default.
The Council of the European Union adopted a general approach on 10 June 2022. The plenary of the European Parliament endorsed a negotiating position on 1o October 2022. An informal agreement between the co-legislators on a compromise text for this file was reached on 29 November. This was formally endorsed by the Parliament on 15 March 2023 and by the Council on 24 April. The Act was signed by the co-legislators on 10 May 2023 and published in the Official Journal on 22 May 2023.
|Subject Categories||Justice and Home Affairs|
|Subject Tags||Criminal Law, Organised Crime, Police | Judicial Cooperation, Terrorism|
|International Organisations||European Union [EU]|