Proposal for a Directive on the energy performance of buildings (recast)

Author (Corporate)
Series Details COM (2021) 802
Publication Date 15/12/2021
Content Type , ,


Legislative initiative - tabled by the European Commission on 15 December 2021 - aiming to revise the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive. This is a recast of an existing legislative act. This is a text with EEA relevance.

Further information:

Buildings account for 40% of energy consumed and 36% of energy-related direct and indirect greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. In the European Union (EU), heating, cooling and domestic hot water account for 80% of the energy that households consume. In this context, building renovation is key for reducing the energy consumption of buildings, for bringing down emissions and for reducing energy bills. In addition, renovation generates local jobs and economic growth.

The relevant legislative framework features Directive 2010/31/EU, also known as the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD), at its core. This Act was last amended by Directive (EU) 2018/844. This draft law aims to fully revise the Directive, and its was first announced in the 2021 Commission Work Programme. It complements the Fit for 55 legislative package adopted earlier in the year. It also follows up on key component of the three focus areas of the Renovation Wave Strategy. It is seen as a key initiative to deliver on the 2030 and 2050 decarbonisation objectives.

This draft law proposes the gradual introduction of minimum energy performance standards to trigger renovation of the worst performing buildings, a new standard for new buildings and a more ambitious vision for buildings to be zero-emission, enhanced long-term renovation strategies - to be renamed National Building Renovation Plans - and increased reliability, quality and digitalisation of Energy Performance Certificates. It also includes a definition of deep renovation and the introduction of building renovation passports, and the modernisation of buildings and their systems.

The proposal was adopted by the European Commission on 15 December 2021. The Council of the European Union adopted its general approach on 25 October 2022.

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Commentary and Analysis
Housing Europe: Publications, 09/12/2021: Does one size fit all? Impact of Minimum Energy Performance Standards in the revision of the Energy Performance Building Directive
Linklaters: Sustainable Futures, 22/12/2021: EU “Fit for 55”: The Energy Performance of Buildings Directive – it’s time for a change
EPRS: Briefing, February 2022: Revision of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive: Fit for 55 package
Digital Europe: Policy Paper, 01/04/2022: Paving the way towards a sustainable and digitalised European building sector: DigitalEurope’s views on the revision of the EPBD
Climate Action Network (CAN Europe): Position paper on the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive recast proposal (5 May 2022)
Transport&Environment: Briefing, 30/05/2022: How the Buildings Directive can enable people to charge where they live and work
European Automobile Manufacturers’ Association (ACEA): Publications, 20/06/2022: Position Paper – Recast of Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD)
EPRS: Briefing, June 2022: Fit for 55 package: Energy performance of buildings (recast) - Initial Appraisal of a European Commission Impact Assessment
Housing Europe: Position Paper, 30/06/2022: Finding the right approach for an improved Energy Performance of Buildings Directive. Three recommendations from CEMR and Housing Europe
Glass for Europe: News, 13/10/2022: Minimum Energy Performance Standards to boost building renovation
Architects' Council of Europe: News, 18/10/2022: ACE calls for an ambitious revision of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive
Climate Action Network (CAN Europe): Reaction: Energy Ministers fail to build on EU Commission’s ambitious buildings recast proposal (25 October 2022)

The Guardian, 14/12/2021: EU urged to ratchet up green energy standards for buildings
Reuters, 15/12/2021: Europe's buildings in line for energy-saving overhaul
EurActiv, 15/12/2021: EU’s new buildings law aims to renovate 15% least efficient homes
Politico, 15/12/2021: Brussels’ big building grab
EUObserver, 16/12/2021: EU pushes electric car charging-point rollout
EurActiv, 16/06/2022: Lawmaker pushes ‘neighbourhood’ approach in revised EU buildings law
EurActiv, 26/09/2022: Energy crisis forces more ambition in EU green buildings law
EurActiv, 25/10/2022: EU countries agree ‘fragile compromise’ on green buildings directive

EUR-LEX: SWD(2021)453: Staff Working Document accompanying the Proposal - Impact Assessment Report
EUR-LEX: SWD(2021)454: Staff Working Document accompanying the Proposal - Executive Summary of the Impact Assessment Report
European Parliament: Legislative Observatory: Procedure File for Proposal on Energy performance of buildings (2021/0426(COD))
European Parliament: Legislative Train Schedule: Revision of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive
European Commission: DG Energy: Energy performance of buildings directive
Greens/EFA EP Group: Press Release, 13/12/2021: Greens/EFA urge Member States to better tackle buildings' carbon emissions and energy poverty
European Commission: Press Release, 15/12/2021: European Green Deal: Commission proposes to boost renovation and decarbonisation of buildings
European Commission: Questions and Answers on the revision of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (15 December 2021)
EPP EP Group: News, 17/02/2022: Kelly to lead energy performance of buildings legislation
Council of the European Union: Press Release, 25/10/2022: ‘Fit for 55’: Council agrees on stricter rules for energy performance of buildings

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