|Author (Corporate)||Council of the European Union|
|Series Title||Official Journal of the European Union|
|Series Details||L 207, Pages 1-17|
|Content Type||Blog & Commentary, Legislation, News, Policy-making|
Interinstitutional Agreement - formally adopted by the European Union on 20 May 2021 - establishing a mandatory transparency register covering the three main European Union (EU) institutions - the European Parliament, the Council of the European Union and the European Commission.
A public register for interest representatives has been operated by the European Parliament and the European Commission since 2011, aiming to increase the transparency and accountability of EU decision-making process. The Council of the European Union joined as an observer to the existing scheme in 2014.
The proposed Agreement was put forward by the European Commission on 28 September 2016. It aimed at making the existing register - which is voluntary and applies to the Commission and Parliament - an unavoidable element for any interest representatives seeking to influence policy-making in all three institutions, and on a voluntary basis other EU institutions, bodies, offices and agencies.
The plenary of the European Parliament held a discussion on the proposal on 5 October 2016, and the Parliament's mandate for negotiations was adopted by the Conference of Presidents on 15 June 2017. Representatives from the three institutions met on 6 September to reaffirm on the political importance of this issue. The Council of the European Union adopted its negotiating position on 6 December 2017.
The first round of negotiations was held on 16 April 2018, followed by the a second round on 12 June and a third round on 19 February 2019. The talks were put on hold before the European Parliament elections in May 2019. On 16 June 2020, representatives from the three institutions met again to relaunch talks and reaffirm the relevance of such Interinstitutional Agreement. Other meetings were held on 6 October and 24 November, where it was noted provisional agreement had been reached on several substantial matters. The three institutions eventually reached a full political agreement on 15 December 2020. This was endorsed by the Parliament on 27 April 2021, followed by the Council on 6 May. The Agreement was formally signed on 20 May 2021 and it was published in the Official Journal on 11 June 2021.
|Subject Categories||Politics and International Relations|
|Subject Tags||Council of the European Union, European Commission, European Parliament|
|Keywords||Decision-Making | Policy-Making, Lobbying, Openness | Transparency
|International Organisations||European Union [EU]|